The U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs changed its name to the Department of State.
Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and El Salvador gained independence.
Charles Darwin and the HMS Beagle reached the Galapagos Islands.
Alexander Kerensky proclaimed Russia a republic.
The Nuremberg Laws deprived Jews of their citizenship and made the Swastika the official emblem of Nazi Germany.
A church bombing in Birmingham, Alabama, killed four young black girls.
Pulitzer Prize-winning author Robert Penn Warren, the first poet laureate of the United States, died.
The National Hockey League lockout began. The 2004-2005 season would ultimately be canceled.