The New York Stock Exchange crashed on Black Tuesday, precipitating the Great Depression.
The National Organization for Women was founded.
John Glenn, the first American to orbit the Earth, returned to space at age 77.
European leaders signed the European Union's first constitution.
Hurricane Sandy smashed into the eastern seaboard of the U.S., killing 117 people in the U.S. and 69 in Canada and the Caribbean. The storm caused about $50 billion in damage in the U.S.