Nicolae Timofti (2012)
Minister: Iurie Leanca (2013)
area: 12,885 sq mi (33,371 sq km); total area: 13,067 sq mi
(33,843 sq km)
Population (2013 est.):
3,619,925 (growth rate: –1.02%); birth rate: 13.28/1000; infant mortality
rate: 13.65/1000; life expectancy: 69.82
Capital and largest city (2009 est.):
Monetary unit: Leu
National name: Republica Moldova
Current government officials
Moldovan (official; virtually the same as
Romanian), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Moldavian/Romanian 78.2%, Ukrainian 8.4%,
Russian 5.8%, Gagauz 4.4%, Bulgarian 1.9%, other 1.3% (2004)
Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and
other 0.5% (2000)
Independence Day, August 27
Literacy rate: 98.5% (2010 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2012 est.):
$12.27 billion; per capita $3,500. Real growth rate: 0.3%. Inflation: 4.5%. Unemployment: 5.8%. Arable
land: 53.47%. Agriculture: vegetables, fruits, wine,grapes, grain,
sugar beets, sunflower seed, tobacco; beef, milk. Labor force:
1.173 million; agriculture 27.5%, industry 13.1%, services 59.4% (2011).
Industries: sugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural
machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing
machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles. Natural resources: lignite,
phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone. Exports: $2.161
billion (2012 est.): foodstuffs, textiles, machinery.
Imports: $5.213 billion (2012 est.): mineral products and
fuel, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles. Major
trading partners: Russia, Italy, Romania, Germany,
Ukraine, Poland, Turkey, Belarus (2011).
Telephones: main lines in use: 1.18 million (2011); mobile
cellular: 3.715 million (2011). Broadcast media: state-owned national radio-TV broadcaster operates 2 TV and 2 radio stations; a total of nearly 40 terrestrial TV channels and some 50 radio stations are in operation; Russian and Romanian channels also are available (2007). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 711,564
(2012). Internet users: 1.333 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 1,190 km
(2010). Highways: total: 9,343 km; paved: 8,810 km; unpaved:
533 km (2008). Waterways: 558 km (2011). Ports and
harbors: none. Airports: 5 (2012).
International disputes: Moldova and Ukraine operate joint customs posts to monitor the transit of people and commodities through Moldova's break-away Transnistria region, which remains under Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe-mandated peacekeeping mission comprised of Moldovan, Transnistrian, Russian, and Ukrainian troops.
Major sources and definitions