|Facts & Figures|
President: Gjorge Ivanov (2009)
Prime Minister: Nikola Gruevski
Land area: 9,928 sq mi (25,173 sq
km); total area: 9,781 sq mi (25,333 sq km)
Population (2010 est.): 2,072,086 (growth
rate: 0.2%); birth rate: 11.9/1000; infant mortality rate: 8.7/1000;
life expectancy: 74.9; density per sq km: 82
Capital and largest city (2003 est.):
Skopje, 587,300 (metro. area), 452,500 (city
Other large cities:
Bitola, 84,400; Kumanovo, 78,900; Prilep, 56,900
Monetary unit: Denar
More Facts & Figures
$18.77 billion; per capita $9,000.
Real growth rate:
grapes, wine, tobacco, vegetables; milk,
855,000 (2004 est.); agriculture n.a.,
industry n.a., services n.a.
beverages, textiles, chemicals, steel, cement, energy,
low-grade iron ore, copper,
lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver,
asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land.
(2009 est.):food, beverages, tobacco; miscellaneous
manufactures, iron and steel.
$4.94 billion (2009 est.): machinery and equipment, automobiles, chemicals, fuels,
Major trading partners:
Serbia and Montenegro,
Germany, Italy, Greece, Croatia, U.S., Slovenia, Bulgaria, Italy,
Turkey, Romania (2004).
Macedonia is a landlocked state in the heart of
the Balkans and is slightly smaller than the state of Vermont. It is a
mountainous country with small basins of agricultural land. The Vardar is
the largest and most important river.
The Republic of Macedonia occupies the western
half of the ancient Kingdom of Macedonia. Historic Macedonia was defeated
by Rome and became a Roman province in 148
After the Roman Empire was divided in
Macedonia was intermittently ruled by the Byzantine Empire until Turkey
took possession of the land in 1371. The Ottoman Turks dominated Macedonia
for the next five centuries, until 1913. During the 19th and 20th
centuries, there was a constant struggle by the Balkan powers to possess
Macedonia for its economic wealth and its strategic military corridors.
The Treaty of San Stefano in 1878, ending the Russo-Turkish War, gave the
largest part of Macedonia to Bulgaria. Bulgaria lost much of its
Macedonian territory when it was defeated by the Greeks and Serbs in the
Second Balkan War of 1913. Most of Macedonia went to Serbia and the
remainder was divided among Greece and Bulgaria.
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