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Honduras

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Facts & Figures

President: Juan Orlando Hernández (2014)

Land area: 43,201 sq mi (111,891 sq km); total area: 43,278 sq mi (112,090 sq km)

Population (2012 est.): 8,296,693 (growth rate: 1.838%); birth rate: 24.66/1000; infant mortality rate: 19.85/1000; life expectancy: 70.71

Capital and largest city (2009 est.): Tegucigalpa, 1 million

Monetary unit: Lempira

More Facts & Figures

Flag of Honduras
Index
  1. Honduras Main Page
  2. Tensions Flare Between Honduras and Nicaragua
  3. Military Coup Brings Instability
  4. Fire in Prison Kills Hundreds
  5. Honduras Becomes Focus in U.S. Drug War
  6. Juan Orlando Hernández Wins 2013 Presidential Election

Geography

Honduras, in the north-central part of Central America, has a Caribbean as well as a Pacific coastline. Guatemala is to the west, El Salvador to the south, and Nicaragua to the east. The second-largest country in Central America, Honduras is slightly larger than Tennessee. Generally mountainous, the country is marked by fertile plateaus, river valleys, and narrow coastal plains.

Government

Democratic constitutional republic.

History

During the first millennium, Honduras was inhabited by the Maya. Columbus explored the country in 1502. Honduras, with four other Central American nations, declared its independence from Spain in 1821 to form a federation of Central American states. In 1838, Honduras left the federation and became independent. Political unrest rocked Honduras in the early 1900s, resulting in an occupation by U.S. Marines. Dictator Gen. Tiburcio Carias Andino established a strong government in 1932.

In 1969, El Salvador invaded Honduras after Honduran landowners deported several thousand Salvadorans. Five thousand people ultimately died in what is called “the football war” because it broke out during a soccer game between the two countries. By threatening economic sanctions and military intervention, the Organization of American States (OAS) induced El Salvador to withdraw.

Next: Tensions Flare Between Honduras and Nicaragua
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