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Haiti

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Flag of Haiti
Index
  1. Haiti Main Page
  2. Unrest Stifles Development
  3. Despite Intervention, Haiti's Infrastructure Remains in Tatters
  4. Political Turmoil Continues
  5. Devastating Earthquake Exposes Weaknesses in Infrastructure
  6. Former Dictator Returns and a New President is Elected
  7. President Martelly Struggles to Form Government
  8. Prime Minister Resigns Causing More Political Chaos
  9. Tropical Storm Hits Nation Still Recovering from Earthquake

More Facts & Figures

National name: République d'Haïti

Current government officials

Languages: Creole and French (both official)

Ethnicity/race: black 95%, mulatto and white 5%

Religions: Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), other 3%, none 1%. Note: roughly half the population practices voodoo

National Holiday: Independence Day, January 1

Literacy rate: 52.9% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $12.52 billion; per capita $1,300. Real growth rate: 5.6%. Inflation: 9.3%. Unemployment: widespread unemployment and underemployment; more than two-thirds of the labor force do not have formal jobs (2009 est.). Arable land: 28.11%. Agriculture: coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum; wood. Labor force: 4.81 million; note: shortage of skilled labor, unskilled labor abundant (2010); agriculture 38.1%, services 50.4%, industry 11.5%. Industries: sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly industries based on imported parts. Natural resources: bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower. Exports: $690.3 million (2011 est.): manufactures, coffee, oils, cocoa, mangoes. Imports: $3.275 billion (2011 est.): food, manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, fuels, raw materials. Major trading partners: U.S., Dominican Republic, Netherlands Antilles, China (2011).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 50,000 (2009); mobile cellular: 4 million (2009). Broadcast media: several TV stations, including 1 government-owned; cable TV subscription service available; government-owned radio network; more than 250 private and community radio stations with about 50 FM stations in Port-au-Prince alone (2007). Internet hosts: 541 (2010) Internet users: 1 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: n.a. Highways: 4,160 km (2000) Waterways: n.a. Ports and harbors: Cap-Haitien, Gonaives, Jacmel, Port-au-Prince. Airports: 14 (2012).

International disputes: since 2004, about 8,000 peacekeepers from the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) maintain civil order in Haiti; despite efforts to control illegal migration, Haitians fleeing economic privation and civil unrest continue to cross into Dominican Republic and to sail to neighboring countries; Haiti claims US-administered Navassa Island.

Major sources and definitions

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