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Fiji

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More Facts & Figures

Current government officials

Languages: English (official), Fijian, Hindustani

Ethnicity/race: Fijian 57.3%, Indian 37.6%, Rotuman 1.2%, other 3.9% (European, other Pacific Islanders, Chinese) (2007)

Religions: Protestant 55.4%, Hindu 27.9%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other or unspecified 0.3%, none 0.7%

National Holiday: Independence Day, 2nd Monday of October

Literacy rate: 94% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2012 est.): $4.307 billion; per capita $4,800. Real growth rate: –2%. Inflation: 4.7%. Unemployment: 7.6%. Arable land: 9.17%. Agriculture: sugarcane, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), rice, sweet potatoes, bananas; cattle, pigs, horses, goats; fish. Labor force: 335,000; agriculture 70%, industry and services 30%. Industries: tourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries. Natural resources: timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower. Exports: $991.6 million (2012): sugar, garments, gold, timber, fish, molasses, coconut oil. Imports: $1.938 billion (2012): manufactured goods, machinery and transport equipment, petroleum products, food, chemicals. Major trading partners: U.S., Australia, UK, Samoa, Japan, China, Tonga, New Zealand.

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 129,800 (2011); mobile cellular: 727,000. Radio broadcast stations: AM 13, FM 40, shortwave 0. Television broadcast stations: n.a. Internet hosts: 21,739 (2012). Internet users: 114,200 (2012).

Transportation: Railways: total: 597 km; note: belongs to the government-owned Fiji Sugar (2012). Highways: total: 3,440 km; paved: 1,692 km; unpaved: 1,748 km (2012 est.). Waterways: 203 km; 122 km navigable by motorized craft and 200-metric-ton barges (2012). Ports and harbors: Lambasa, Lautoka, Suva. Airports: 28 (2012).

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

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