Born: 24 May 1819
Died: 22 January 1901 (cerebral hemorrhage)
Birthplace: London, England
Best known as:
The queen who reigned the U.K. for 64 years
Queen Victoria's nearly 64-year reign (1837-1901) was the second longest in British history. She presided over a period of British industrial progress, artistic successes and political empire-building which became known as the Victorian Era. Victoria was only 18 when she became queen upon the death of her uncle, King William IV. In 1840 she married her first cousin Albert, the German son of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Victoria was shattered by his untimely death at age 42, and she went into a prolonged period of mourning. (She never stopped mourning entirely, wearing black the rest of her life.) Late in the 1860s she re-emerged into public life, and as years passed she became increasingly venerated among her subjects. Victoria celebrated her diamond jubilee -- 60 years on the throne -- in 1897. After her death in 1901 she was succeeded by her son Prince Albert, who became King Edward VII. Her reign stood as the longest for more than a century, but was surpassed in 2015 by that of her great-great-granddaughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
Edward VII took the family name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, making Victoria the last monarch in the house of Hanover... London's Victoria and Albert Museum is named for the royal couple... In 1842 Victoria became the first monarch to ride in a railway train... The precise length of her reign was 63 years, 216 days... She was the grandmother of Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II... She was the great-grandmother of King George VI, the great-great-grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II, and the great-great-great-great-grandmother of princes William and Harry.
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