Omar KhayyamPoet / Astronomer
Born: 18 May 1048
Died: 4 December 1131
Birthplace: Nishapur, Persia (now Iran)
Best known as: The author of The Rubaiyat
Historically speaking, Omar Khayyam has led a double life. In his own time he was a respected mathematician and astronomer who helped reform the ancient Muslim calendar. In the modern era he is more fondly remembered as the author of the brief, lyrical poems known collectively as The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam.
Extra credit: Omar is said to have adopted the name Khayyam ("the tentmaker") in honor of his father's trade.
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