Jerry GarciaGuitarist / Rock Musician
Born: 1 August 1942
Died: 9 August 1995 (heart failure)
Birthplace: San Francisco, California
Best known as:
Leader of The Grateful Dead
Name at birth: Jerome John Garcia
Jerry Garcia was the guitarist and acknowledged leader of the rock band The Grateful Dead. The band was famous for its lengthy live shows, with Jerry Garcia and his mates playing minutes-long (or hours-long) solos over extended jams to crowds of fans known as Deadheads. Their first album, The Grateful Dead, was released in 1967. It was followed by Anthem of the Sun (1968) and many others, including American Beauty (1970, with the hit single "Truckin'"), Terrapin Station (1977) and the semi-comeback album In The Dark (1987, with the single "Touch of Grey"). The Grateful Dead carried the hippie movement from the 1960s all the way through to the 1990s, with a few breaks along the way for rehabilitative drug treatments for Garcia and others; The New York Times once noted that "In the 1960's, [Garcia] was known as Captain Trips, referring to his frequent use of LSD, and he struggled through the years with heroin addiction." An accomplished musician, Garcia also had a simultaneous solo career, straying from rock to dabble in folk and bluegrass music. He died of a heart attack in the Serenity Knolls drug treatment center in Marin County, California in 1995.
Jerry Garcia and bandmates lived at 710 Ashbury Street in San Francisco in the 1960s, and the house remains a popular icon with fans.
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