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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesTexas

GRAMM, William Philip (Phil)

(1942—)

Senate Years of Service: 1985-2002
Party: Republican

GRAMM, William Philip (Phil), a Representative and a Senator from Texas; born in Fort Benning, Muscogee County, Ga., July 8, 1942; attended the Muscogee County public schools; graduated, Georgia Military Academy, Atlanta 1961; graduated, University of Georgia, Athens 1964; received a doctorate, University of Georgia 1967; professor of economics, Texas A&M University 1967-1978; author; elected in 1978 as a Democrat to the Ninety-sixth Congress; reelected as a Democrat to the two succeeding Congresses; resigned January 5, 1983, to run for election to the Ninety-eighth Congress as a Republican; reelected as a Republican, by special election, on February 12, 1983, and served January 3, 1979, to January 5, 1983, and February 12, 1983, to January 3, 1985; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1984; reelected in 1990 and again in 1996 and served from January 3, 1985, to November 30, 2002, when he resigned; not a candidate for reelection in 2002; chairman, National Republican Senatorial Committee (One Hundred Second and One Hundred Third Congresses), Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs (One Hundred Sixth Congress and One Hundred Seventh Congress [January 3, 2001; January 20, 2001-June 6, 2001]).

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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