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History and GovernmentCongressional BiographiesMississippi

Albert Gallatin BROWN

(1813-1880)
Senate Years of Service:
1854-1861
Party:
Democrat

BROWN, Albert Gallatin, a Representative and a Senator from Mississippi; born in Chester District, S.C., May 31, 1813; moved with his parents to Copiah County, Miss., in 1823; attended Mississippi College, Clinton, Miss., and Jefferson College, Washington, Miss.; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1833 and commenced practice in Gallatin, Miss.; member, State house of representatives 1835-1839; elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-sixth Congress (March 4, 1839-March 3, 1841); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1840; judge of the circuit superior court 1842-1843; Governor of Mississippi 1844-1848; elected to the Thirtieth, Thirty-first, and Thirty-second Congresses (March 4, 1847-March 3, 1853); chairman, Committee on the District of Columbia (Thirty-first Congress); was not a candidate for reelection in 1852; elected to the United States Senate in 1854 to fill the vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1853; reelected in 1859 and served from January 7, 1854, until January 12, 1861, when he withdrew; seat declared vacant by Senate resolution on March 14, 1861; chairman, Committee on the District of Columbia (Thirty-fourth through Thirty-sixth Congresses), Committee on Enrolled Bills (Thirty-sixth Congress); during the Civil War entered the Confederate Army as a captain; elected a member of the Confederate Senate in 1862 and served in the First and Second Confederate Congresses; engaged in agricultural pursuits; died near Terry, Hinds County, Miss., June 12, 1880; interment in Greenwood Cemetery, Jackson, Miss.

Bibliography

American National Biography; Dictionary of American Biography; McCutchen, Samuel. “The Political Career of Albert Gallatin Brown.” Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1930; Ranck, James B. Albert Gallatin Brown: Radical Southern Nationalist. New York: Appleton-Century Company, 1937.

Source: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1771-Present

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