World's 50 Most Populous Countries: 2016
This table provides figures about the 50 most populous nations in the world as of July 2016. China is the most populous country with more than 1.4 billion residents. Since India's population is close behind China at 1.3 billion, there could be a time when India surpasses its neighbor country in population. The estimated population of the world is 7.5 billion as of 2017.
The majority of the population is located in the eastern half of the country.
A very high population density exists throughout the country, apart from the deserts in the northwest and the mountains in the north.
Very densely populated urban areas are clustered along the east and the west coasts. There are 50 states in the U.S. and the nation started out with 13 colonies in North America.
Java is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.
Most residents live along the Atlantic coast in the eastern part of the nation.
The Punjab province is the most densely populated area in Pakistan.
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa.
Bangladesh is not just one of the most populous countries but is also one of the most densely populated countries in the world.
Siberia has a population density of approximately three people per kilometer. Siberia has one-twelfth of the world's land mass.
The population is most dense along the coasts.
Approximately a quarter of the population lives in and around Mexico City.
The Philipines population finally surpassed 100 million in 2014.
The median age in Ethiopia is just under 18 years.
In geographic area, Vietnam is about twice the size of Arizona.
Approximately 95 percent of the population lives within 20 kilometers of the Nile River and its delta.
Azerbaijanis constitute almost a quarter of the population. The nation's population is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west.
The country is the world's largest francophone country.
Germany is the most populous country in Europe.
The most densely populated area is located around the Bosporus Strait in the northwest.
The highest population density in Thailand is found in and around Bangkok.
The largest concentrations of population in France are located in the north and the southeast.
The United Kingdom's population density is one of the highest in the world and the population is centered in the capital city of London.
The population is evenly distributed throughout the country.
The population is concentrated along coastal areas of the country.
The province of Gauteng has the highest population density.
More than 30 percent of the population is urban.
More than 70 percent of the country is mountainous so most of the populated is located in lowland areas.
The largest urban populations are found near the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts--aside from the populous areas of Madrid, Sevilla and Zaragoza.
Most Colombians live in the mountainous western region of the country or on the northern coastline.
Kenya did not reach the top 50 of the of most populated countries until the 1970s.
The densest areas of population are in the eastern and western regions of the country.
One third of the population lives in Buenos Aires.
Most of the population is located along the Mediterranean Coast in the north.
The population of the country is concentrated in the southern area near Krakow along with Warsaw and Lodz in the central part of the nation.
The population received a boost after HIV decreased more than 20 percent since the 1980s.
The population of Iraq is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country.
Northern Sudan is sparsely populated aside from an area near the banks of the Nile.
The most populated province in Canada is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia.
The highest population density is found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts
The eastern part of Afghanistan is more densely populated while the south is sparsely populated.
Eighty percent of the population resides on the Malay Peninsula.
The population is concentrated in the northern and western highlands.
One third of the population resides along the desert coastal area in the west, near the capital city of Lima.
Most of the population is concentrated in the Fergana Valley in the eastern part of the country.
Nepal's overall population density is low. The two areas of concentrated population include the southern plains of the Tarai region and hilly central part of the country.
The country's population is concentrated in a wide area across the middle of the peninsula.
The majority of the population is found in the Asir Mountains in the west.
The coastal areas, the Ashanti region, and the two principal cities, Accra and Kumasi are among the most densely populated parts of the country.
About 60 percent of the population lives in the central and southern coastal provinces.
The largest population concentrations are in the western provinces, in particular, the municipal district of Pyongyang and around Hungnam and Wonsan in the east.
Source: CIA World Factbook.
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You can learn about these countries and more on our Countries of the World page.
A Collection of U.S. Population Stats.