Principal Sources of Refugees, 2012

These countries have generated the greatest number of refugees and asylum seekers. It does not include persons granted permanent status in other countries.

Afghanistan 2,585,600
Somalia 1,136,100
Iraq 746,400
Syrian Arab Republic 728,500
Sudan1 569,200
Democratic Republic of Congo 509,400
Myanmar2 415,300
Columbia2 394,100
Vietnam3 336,900
Eritrea 285,100
1. May include citizens of South Sudan (in absence of separate statistics for both countries).
2. Includes people in a refugee-like situation.
3. The 300,000 Vietnamese refugees are well integrated and in practice receive protection from the Government of China.
Source: UNHCR, Global Trends 2012