World's Ten Most Corrupt Leaders

Transparency International is an organization that tracks and reports on global instances of corruption in politics, education, and other sectors. In 2004, they reported on (as of then) the world's most corrupt leaders, by order of funds embezzled. They have not updated this list since 2004, with most of their reports focusing on whole countries rather than individual leaders.

NamePositionFunds embezzled2
1. Mohamed SuhartoPresident of Indonesia (1967?1998)$15?35 billion
2. Ferdinand MarcosPresident of the Philippines (1972?1986)5?10 billion
3. Mobutu Sese SekoPresident of Zaire (1965?1997)5 billion
4. Sani AbachaPresident of Nigeria (1993?1998)2?5 billion
5. Slobodan MilosevicPresident of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1989?2000)1 billion
6. Jean-Claude DuvalierPresident of Haiti (1971?1986)300?800 million
7. Alberto FujimoriPresident of Peru (1990?2000)600 million
8. Pavlo LazarenkoPrime Minister of Ukraine (1996?1997)114?200 million
9. Arnoldo AlemnPresident of Nicaragua (1997?2002)100 million
10. Joseph EstradaPresident of the Philippines (1998?2001)78?80 million
1. Defined as former political leaders who have been accused of embezzling the most funds from their countries over the past two decades.
2. All sums are estimates of alleged embezzlement and appear in U.S. dollars.
Source: Transparency International Global Corruption Report 2004.
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