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World's 50 Most Populous Countries: 2016

A crowd of passengers near a Beijing train station.
A crowd of passengers near a Beijing train station. (AP Photo)

This table provides figures about the 50 most populous nations in the world as of July 2016. China is the most populous country with more than 1.4 billion residents. Since India's population is close behind China at 1.3 billion, there could be a time when India surpasses its neighbor country in population. The estimated population of the world is 7.5 billion as of 2017.

RANK COUNTRY POPULATION
1

China

The majority of the population is located in the eastern half of the country.

1,373,541,278
2

India

A very high population density exists throughout the country, apart from the deserts in the northwest and the mountains in the north.

1,266,883,598
3

United States

Very densely populated urban areas are clustered along the east and the west coasts. There are 50 states in the U.S. and the nation started out with 13 colonies in North America.

323,995,528
4

Indonesia

Java is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.

258,316,051
5

Brazil

Most residents live along the Atlantic coast in the eastern part of the nation.

205,823,665
6

Pakistan

The Punjab province is the most densely populated area in India.

201,995,540
7

Nigeria

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa.

186,053,386
8

Bangladesh

Bangladesh is not just one of the most populous countries but is also one of the most densely populated countries in the world.

156,186,882
9

Russia

Siberia has a population density of approximately three people per kilometer. Siberia has one-twelfth of the world's land mass.

142,355,415
10

Japan

The population is most dense along the coasts.

126,702,133
11

Mexico

Approximately a quarter of the population lives in and around Mexico City.

123,166,749
12

Philippines

The Philipines population finally surpassed 100 million in 2014.

102,624,209
13

Ethiopia

The median age in Ethiopia is just under 18 years.

02,374,044
14

Vietnam

In geographic area, Vietnam is about twice the size of Arizona.

95,261,021
15

Egypt

Approximately 95 percent of the population lives within 20 kilometers of the Nile River and its delta.

94,666,993
16

Iran

Azerbaijanis constitute almost a quarter of the population. The nation's population is concentrated in the north, northwest, and west.

82,801,633
17

Congo, Dem. Rep.

The country is the world's largest francophone country.

81,331,050
18

Germany

Germany is the most populous country in Europe.

80,722,792
19

Turkey

The most densely populated area is located around the Bosporus Strait in the northwest.

80,274,604
20

Thailand

The highest population density in Thailand is found in and around Bangkok.

68,200,824
21

France

The largest concentrations of population in France are located in the north and the southeast.

66,836,154
22.

United Kingdom

The United Kingdom's population density is one of the highest in the world and the population is centered in the capital city of London.

64,430,428
23

Italy

The population is evenly distributed throughout the country.

62,007,540
24

Burma (Myanmar)

The population is concentrated along coastal areas of the country.

56,890,418
25

South Africa

The province of Gauteng has the highest population density.

54,300,704
26

Tanzania

More than 30 percent of the population is urban.

52,482,726
27

South Korea 

More than 70 percent of the country is mountainous so most of the populated is located in lowland areas.

50,924,172
28

Spain

The largest urban populations are found near the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts--aside from the populous areas of Madrid, Sevilla and Zaragoza.

48,563,476
29

Colombia

Most Colombians live mountainous western portion of the country or the northern coastline.

47,220,856
30

Kenya

Kenya did not reach the top 50 of the of most populated countries until the 1970s.

46,790,758
31

Ukraine

The densest areas of population are in the eastern and western regions of the country.

44,209,733
32

Argentina

One third of the population lives in Buenos Aires.

43,886,748
33

Algeria

Most of the population is located along the Mediterranean Coast in the north.

40,263,711
34

Poland

The population of the country is concentrated in the southern area near Krakow along with Warsaw and Lodz in the central part of the nation.

38,523,261
35

Uganda

The population received a boost after HIV decreased more than 20 percent since the 1980s.

38,319,241
36

Iraq

The population of Iraq is concentrated in the north, center, and eastern parts of the country.

38,146,025
37

Sudan

Northern Sudan is sparsely populated aside from an area near the banks of the Nile.

36,729,501
38

Canada

The most populated province in Canada is Ontario, followed by Quebec and British Columbia.

35,362,905
39

Morocco

The highest population density is found along the Atlantic and Mediterranean coasts

33,655,786
40

Afghanistan

The eastern part of Afghanistan is more densely populated while the south is sparsely populated.

33,332,025
41

Malaysia

Eighty percent of the population resides on the Malay Peninsula.

30,949,962
42

Venezuela

The population is concentrated in the northern and western highlands.

30,912,302
43

Peru

One third of the population resides along the desert coastal area in the west, near the capital city of Lima.

30,741,062
44

Uzbekistan

Most of the population is concentrated in the Fergana Valley in the eastern part of the country.

29,473,614
45

Nepal

Nepal's overall population density is low. The two areas of concentrated population include the southern plains of the Tarai region and hilly central part of the country.

29,033,914
46

Saudi Arabia

The country's population is concentrated in a wide area across the middle of the peninsula.

28,160,273
47

Yemen

The majority of the population is found in the Asir Mountains in the west.

27,392,779
48

Ghana

The coastal areas, the Ashanti region, and the two principal cities, Accra and Kumasi are among the most densely populated parts of the country.

26,908,262
49

Mozambique

About 60 percent of the population lives in the central and southern coastal provinces.    

25,930,150
50

North Korea

The largest population concentrations are in the western provinces, in particular, the municipal district of Pyongyang and around Hungnam and Wonsan in the east.

25,115,311

Source: CIA World Factbook.

 

 

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