The Seven Continents
by Beth Rowen
A continent is defined as a large unbroken land mass completely surrounded by water, although in some cases continents are (or were in part) connected by land bridges. The seven continents are North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, and Antarctica. The island groups in the Pacific are often called Oceania but this name does not imply that scientists consider them the remains of a continent.
|Continent||Approximate area||Highest point||Lowest point|
|Africa||11,608,000 square miles (30,065,000 sq km)||Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: 19,340 feet (5,895 m)||Lake Assal, Djibouti: 512 feet (156 m) below sea level|
|Antarctica||5,100,000 square miles (13,209,000 sq km)||Vinson Massif: 16,066 feet (4,897 m)||Ice covering: 8,327 feet (2,538 m) below sea level|
|Asia (includes the Middle East)||17,212,000 square miles (44,579,000 sq km)||Mount Everest, bordering China and Nepal: 29,035 feet (8,850 m)||Dead Sea, bordering Israel and Jordan: 1,349 feet (411 m) below sea level|
|Australia (includes Oceania)||3,132,000 square miles (8,112,000 sq km)||Mount Kosciusko, Australia: 7,316 feet (2,228 m)||Lake Eyre, Australia: 52 feet (16 m) below sea level|
|Europe (Ural Mountains divide Europe from Asia)||3,837,000 square miles (9,938,000 sq km)||Mount Elbrus, bordering Russia and Georgia: 18,510 feet (5,642 m)||Caspian Sea, bordering Russia and Kazakhstan: 92 feet (28 m) below sea level|
|North America (includes Central America and the Caribbean)||9,449,000 square miles (24,474,000 sq km)||Mount McKinley, Alaska, U.S.: 20,320 feet (6,194 m)||Death Valley, California, U.S.: 282 feet (86 m) below sea level|
|South America||6,879,000 square miles (17,819,000 sq km)||Mount Aconcagua, Argentina: 22,834 feet (6,960 m)||Valdes Peninsula, Argentina: 131 feet (40 m) below sea level|
- More from World
Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about.