Lowest GDP Per Capita

Updated September 11, 2020 | Logan Chamberlain

The Poorest Countries Pound for Pound

Generally speaking, larger countries make more money that smaller countries just because they have more workers. Some of the countries with low GDPs might actually have a pretty high standard of living, since each citizen makes more—Monaco, a modern city-state, is one of the most luxurious places on Earth. That's why, to determine just how wealthy a country is, it's useful to see how much money they make per person in their country.

These are the countries with the lowest GDP per capita in U.S. dollars, based on data available at the end of 2019. Also check out our list of the countries with the highest GDP per capita

Country GDP/Capita Population
South Sudan $250 11,193,725
Burundi $312 11,890,784
Malawi $411 19,129,952
Niger $439 24,206,644
Madagascar $489 27,691,018
Central African Republic $515 4,829,767
Mozambique $521 31,255,435
Somalia $525 15,893,222
Sierra Leone $529 7,976,983
Afghanistan $531 38,928,346

You'll notice that many countries with low GDPs are currently suffering from ongoing armed conflicts; e.g. South Sudan has been fighting a civil war almost since its founding, and Afghanistan has now seen at least four decades of fighting off and on. Other countries might be suffering from health crises, or have broad infrastructure problems. 

Source: The International Money Fund, 2020


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