Facts & Figures
President: Tabaré Vázquez (2015)
Land area: 67,035 sq mi (173,621 sq km); total area: 68,039 sq mi (176,220 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 3,332,972 (growth rate: 0.26%); birth rate: 13.18/1000; infant mortality rate: 8.97/1000; life expectancy: 76.81; density per sq mi: 48.86
Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Montevideo, 1,947,604 (metro. area), 1,305,082 (city proper)
Monetary unit: Uruguay peso
Oriental Republic of Uruguay
National name: República Oriental del Uruguay
Languages: Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero
Ethnicity/race: white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%
Religions: Roman Catholic 47.1%, Protestant 11.1%, Jewish 0.3%
Literacy rate: 98.1% (2010 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $56.27 billion; per capita $16,600. Real growth rate: 3.5%. Inflation: 8.3%. Unemployment: 6.5%. Arable land: 10.25%. Agriculture: soybeans, rice, wheat; beef, dairy products; fish; lumber, cellulose. Labor force (2013 est.): 1.7 million; agriculture 13%, industry 14%, services 73%. Industries: food processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages. Natural resources: arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fish. Exports: $10.5 billion (2013 est.): beef, soybeans, cellulose, rice, wheat, wood, dairy products; wool. Imports: $12.5 billion (2013 est.): refined oil, crude oil, passenger and other transportation vehicles, vehicle parts, cellular phones. Major trading partners: U.S., Brazil, Germany, Argentina, Paraguay, China, Venezuela (2012).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.01 million (2012); mobile cellular: 5 million (2012). Radio broadcast stations: AM 91, FM 149, shortwave 7 (2010). Radios: 1.97 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 20 (2010). Televisions: 782,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1.036 million (2012). Internet users: 1.405 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 1,641 km (2010). Highways: total: 77,732 km; paved: 7,743 km; unpaved: 69,989 km (2010 est.). Waterways: 1,600 km; used by coastal and shallow-draft river craft (2011). Ports and harbors: Colonia, Fray Bentos, Juan La Caze, La Paloma, Montevideo, Nueva Palmira, Paysandu, Punta del Este, Piriapolis. Airports: 133 (2013).
International disputes: in 2010, the ICJ ruled in favor of Uruguay's operation of two paper mills on the Uruguay River, which forms the border with Argentina; the two countries formed a joint pollution monitoring regime; uncontested boundary dispute between Brazil and Uruguay over Braziliera/Brasiliera Island in the Quarai/Cuareim River leaves the tripoint with Argentina in question; smuggling of firearms and narcotics continues to be an issue along the Uruguay-Brazil border.