Palestinian state proposed | Violence Erupts Between Israel and Gaza in November 2012
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- The Oslo Accord, Government Corruption, and a "Road Map" to Peace
- Assassinations, a New Government, and a Temporary Withdrawal
- The Rise of Hamas
- Hamas and Farah Clash
- Attempting Cease-Fire
- Abbas Under Fire
- Palestinian Factions Sign Historic Reconciliation Accord
- Palestine Officially Requests Membership to UN
- Progress for UN Memberships Stalls
- Exploratory Talks with Israel End while Unity Government with Hamas Moves Forward
- Palestinian Authority Marks 19th Oslo Accords Anniversary with Economic Troubles
- Violence Erupts Between Israel and Gaza in November 2012
- UN Approves Non-Member State Status
- Egypt Attempts to Get Hamas and Fatah to Reconcile
- Rami Hamdallah Becomes Prime Minister
- Peace Talks Resume After Five Years
- 2013 Report Supports Theory That Arafat Was Poisoned
- New Unity Government Includes Hamas
- Murders of Israeli and Palestinian Teenagers Increases Tension
- Britain Votes to Recognize Palestine
- Palestine Asks to Join the International Criminal Court
- More Obstacles Emerge for Palestine in 2015
Violence Erupts Between Israel and Gaza in November 2012
On Nov. 14, 2012, Israel launched one of its biggest attacks on Gaza since the invasion four years ago and hit at least 20 targets. One of those targets was Hamas military commander, Ahmed al-Jabari. He was killed while traveling through Gaza in a car. Al-Jabari was the most senior official killed by the Israelis since its invasion in 2008. The airstrikes were in response to recent, repeated rocket attacks by Palestinian militants located in Gaza.
The next day, Israel continued with the airstrikes against Hamas and other militant groups in Gaza. The Palestinian death toll rose to 11. Meanwhile, Hamas fired rockets into southern Israel, killing three civilians. The three Israeli deaths would likely lead to Israel increasing its military offensive in Gaza. Two long range rockets were aimed at Tel Aviv. They caused no harm, falling into the sea nearby, but an air raid warning went off in the city. In a nationally televised address, Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi said that his country would stand by the Palestinians. "The Egyptian people, the Egyptian leadership, the Egyptian government, and all of Egypt is standing with all its resources to stop this assault, to prevent the killing and the bloodshed of Palestinians," Morsi said in the address.
According to officials in Gaza, 19 people had been killed from the Israeli airstrikes by Nov. 16, 2012. Hesham Qandil, Egypt's prime minister, showed his country's support by visiting Gaza. However, his presence did not stop the fighting. Heavy rocket fire continued from Gaza while the Israeli military called in 16,000 army reservists. For the second time since 2008, Israel prepared for a potential ground invasion.
Throughout mid-Nov., Israel continued to target members of Hamas and other militant groups in Gaza while Hamas launched several hundred rockets, some hitting Tel Aviv. Egypt, while a staunch supporter of Hamas, attempted to broker a peace agreement between Hamas and Israel to prevent the conflict from further destabilizing the region. Finally on Nov. 21, Egypt's Foreign Minister Mohamed Kamel Amr, and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced that a cease-fire had been signed. Both sides agreed to end hostilities toward each other and Israel said it would open Gaza border crossings, allowing the flow of products and people into Gaza, potentially lifting the 5-year blockade that has caused much hardship to those living in the region.