Facts & Figures
President: Baron Waqa (2013)
Total area: 8 sq mi (21 sq km)
Population (2014 est.): 9,488 (growth rate: 0.56%); birth rate: 25.61/1000; infant mortality rate: 8.21/1000; life expectancy: 66.4
Capital: no official capital; government offices in Yaren District
Monetary unit: Australian dollar
Languages: Nauruan 93% (official, a distinct Pacific Island language), English 2% (widely understood, spoken, and used for most government and commercial purposes), other 5% (includes I-Kiribati 2% and Chinese 2%) note: percentages represent main language spoken at home; Nauruan is spoken by 95% of the population, English by 66%, and other languages by 12% (2011 est.)
Ethnicity/race: Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
Religions: Protestant 60.4% (includes Nauru Congregational 35.7%, Assembly of God 13%, Nauru Independent Church 9.5%, Baptist 1.5%, and Seventh Day Adventist .7%), Roman Catholic 33%, other 3.7%, none 1.8%, unspecified 1.1% (2011 est.)
National Holiday: Independence Day, January 31
Literacy rate: n.a
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2005 est.): $60 million; per capita $5,000. Real growth rate: n.a. Inflation: n.a. (2011). Unemployment: 90% (2004 est.). Arable land: 0%. Agriculture: coconuts. Labor force: mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation. Industries: phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products. Natural resources: phosphates. Exports: $64,000 (2005): phosphates. Imports: n.a. (2004 est.): food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery. Major trading partners: none.
Special relationship within the Commonwealth of Nations
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1,900 (2009); mobile cellular: 6,800 (2012). Broadcast media: 1 government-owned television station broadcasting programs from New Zealand sent via satellite or on videotape; 1 government-owned radio station, broadcasting on AM and FM, utilizes Australian and British programs (2009). Internet hosts: 8,162 (2012). Internet users: n.a.
Transportation: Railways: total: 5 km; note: used to haul phosphates from the center of the island to processing facilities on the southwest coast (2001). Roadways: total: 30 km; paved: 24 km (2002). Ports and harbors: Nauru. Airports: 1 (2013).
International disputes: none.
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