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Ruler: King Felipe VI (2014)

Prime Minister: Mariano Rajoy (2011)

Land area: 192,819 sq mi (499,401 sq km); total area: 194,896 sq mi (504,782 sq km)1

Population (2014 est.): 47,737,941 (growth rate: 0.81%); birth rate: 9.88/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.33/1000; life expectancy: 81.47; density per sq mi: 240

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Madrid, 6.574 million

Other large cities: Barcelona, 5.57 million; Valencia, 797,000

Monetary unit: Euro (formerly peseta)

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