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Facts & Figures

President: Joachim Gauck (2012)

Chancellor: Angela Merkel (2005)

Land area: 135,236 sq mi (350,261 sq km); total area: 137,846 sq mi (357,021 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 80,996,685 (growth rate: –0.18%); birth rate: 8.42/1000; infant mortality rate: 3.46/1000; life expectancy: 80.44

Capital and largest city (2011 est.): Berlin (capital since Oct. 3, 1990), 3.462

Other large cities: Hamburg, 1.796 million; Munich, 1.364; Cologne, 1.006 million

Monetary unit: Euro (formerly Deutsche mark)

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