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Life Expectancy by Age, 1850–2011

The expectation of life at a specified age is the average number of years that members of a hypothetical group of people of the same age would continue to live if they were subject throughout the remainder of their lives to the same mortality rate.

 Age
Calendar period01020304050607080
White males         
1850138.348.040.134.027.921.615.610.25.9
1890142.5048.4540.6634.0527.3720.7214.739.355.40
1900–1902248.2350.5942.1934.8827.7420.7614.359.035.10
1909–1911250.2351.3242.7134.8727.4320.3913.988.835.09
1919–1921356.3454.1545.6037.6529.8622.2215.259.515.47
1929–193159.1254.9646.0237.5429.2221.5114.729.205.26
1939–194162.8157.0347.7638.8030.0321.9615.059.425.38
1949–195166.3158.9849.5240.2931.1722.8315.7610.075.88
1959–1961567.5559.7850.2540.9831.7323.2216.0110.295.89
1969–1971667.9459.6950.2241.0731.8723.3416.0710.386.18
1979–198170.8261.9852.4543.3134.0425.2617.5611.356.76
199072.763.554.044.735.626.718.712.17.1
199273.264.054.345.136.027.119.112.47.2
199373.163.854.244.935.927.018.912.37.1
199573.464.154.545.236.127.319.312.57.2
199774.365.055.345.936.727.719.612.77.4
199874.565.255.546.136.827.919.712.87.5
199974.665.355.646.236.928.019.812.97.5
200074.865.455.746.437.128.220.013.07.6
200175.065.656.046.637.328.420.213.27.7
200275.165.756.146.737.428.520.313.37.7
200375.366.056.346.937.628.820.613.58.0
2004775.766.356.747.338.029.120.913.78.1
2011776.366.957.247.938.629.621.514.38.2
White females         
1850140.547.240.235.429.823.517.011.36.4
1890144.4649.6242.0335.3628.7622.0915.7010.155.75
1900–1902251.0852.1543.7736.4229.1721.8915.239.595.50
1909–1911253.6253.5744.8836.9629.2621.7414.929.385.35
1919–1921358.5355.1746.4638.7230.9423.1215.939.945.70
1929–193162.6757.6548.5239.9931.5223.4116.059.985.63
1939–194167.2960.8551.3842.2133.2524.7217.0010.505.88
1949–195172.0364.2654.5645.0035.6426.7618.6411.686.59
1959–1961574.1966.0556.2946.6337.1328.0819.6912.386.67
1969–1971675.4966.9757.2447.6038.1229.1120.7913.377.59
1979–198178.2269.2159.4449.7640.1630.9622.4514.898.65
199079.470.160.350.641.031.623.015.49.0
199279.870.460.650.941.231.923.215.69.2
199379.570.160.350.641.031.723.015.38.9
199579.670.260.450.641.031.723.015.48.9
199779.970.560.750.941.332.023.215.59.1
199880.070.660.851.041.432.023.315.69.1
199979.970.560.650.941.331.923.215.59.0
200080.070.560.750.941.332.023.215.59.1
200180.270.860.951.241.632.323.515.79.3
200280.370.861.051.241.632.423.615.89.3
200380.571.061.251.541.932.623.816.09.6
2004780.871.361.551.842.132.924.116.29.7
2011781.171.661.852.042.533.224.516.59.7
All other males4         
1900–1902232.5441.9035.1129.2523.1217.3412.628.335.12
1909–1911234.0540.6533.4627.3321.5716.2111.678.005.53
1919–1921347.1445.9938.3632.5126.5320.4714.749.585.83
1929–193147.5544.2735.9529.4523.3617.9213.158.785.42
1939–194152.3348.5439.7432.2525.2319.1814.3810.066.46
1949–195158.9152.9643.7335.3127.2920.2514.9110.747.07
1959–1961561.4855.1945.7837.0528.7221.2815.2910.816.87
1969–1971660.9853.6744.3736.2028.2921.2415.3510.687.57
1979–198165.6357.4047.8739.1330.6422.9216.5411.367.22
199067.058.549.040.331.923.917.011.47.0
199267.759.049.640.932.424.517.511.77.2
199367.358.649.240.632.224.317.311.56.9
199567.959.149.640.832.424.617.611.77.0
199769.860.951.442.533.725.518.312.47.9
199867.659.049.540.631.923.917.111.57.1
199967.859.249.640.731.924.017.211.67.2
200068.359.650.041.132.324.317.511.87.4
200168.659.850.341.432.524.417.511.77.3
200268.860.150.541.632.824.617.611.87.5
200369.060.350.741.832.924.817.912.17.9
2004769.861.051.442.533.625.318.312.68.2
2011772.163.253.644.535.526.819.313.17.9
All other females4         
1900–1902235.0443.0236.8930.7024.3718.6713.609.626.48
1909–1911237.6742.8436.1429.6123.3417.6512.789.226.05
1919–1921346.9244.5437.1531.4825.6019.7614.6910.256.58
1929–193149.5145.3337.2230.6724.3018.6014.2210.386.90
1939–194155.5150.8342.1434.5227.3121.0416.1411.818.00
1949–195162.7056.1746.7738.0229.8222.6716.9512.298.15
1959–1961566.4759.7250.0740.8332.1624.3117.8312.467.66
1969–1971669.0561.4951.8542.6133.8725.9719.0213.309.01
1979–198174.0065.6455.8846.3937.1628.5920.4914.449.17
199075.266.656.847.338.129.221.314.58.8
199275.767.057.247.738.429.621.714.88.9
199375.566.756.947.438.229.521.414.58.7
199575.766.857.047.538.329.621.514.58.7
199776.767.858.048.439.130.322.115.19.4
199874.866.056.246.737.528.821.014.18.7
199974.766.056.246.637.428.720.914.08.6
200075.066.256.446.837.629.021.014.18.7
200175.566.656.847.238.029.321.514.79.2
200275.666.857.047.438.129.521.614.79.2
200376.167.257.447.838.629.922.115.39.8
2004776.567.657.848.238.930.222.315.49.7
2011778.269.159.349.640.231.323.215.89.6
1. Massachusetts only; white and nonwhite combined, the latter being about 1% of the total.
Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States.
2. Original Death Registration States.
3. Death Registration States of 1920.
4. Data for periods 1900–1902, 1929–1931, 1998, 1999, 2000–2000, 2011 relate to blacks only.
5. Alaska and Hawaii included beginning in 1959.
6. Deaths of nonresidents of the United States excluded starting in 1970.
7. Preliminary data.
Sources: Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, /ipa/0/0/0/5/1/4/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Vital Statistics Reports, Web: www.dhhs.gov ; www.cdc.gov.

 

Mortality

 

 
 
Mortality