Life Expectancy by Age, 1850–2011

The expectation of life at a specified age is the average number of years that members of a hypothetical group of people of the same age would continue to live if they were subject throughout the remainder of their lives to the same mortality rate.

Age
Calendar period 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
White males
1850138.3 48.0 40.1 34.0 27.9 21.6 15.6 10.2 5.9
1890142.50 48.45 40.66 34.05 27.37 20.72 14.73 9.35 5.40
1900–1902248.23 50.59 42.19 34.88 27.74 20.76 14.35 9.03 5.10
1909–1911250.23 51.32 42.71 34.87 27.43 20.39 13.98 8.83 5.09
1919–1921356.34 54.15 45.60 37.65 29.86 22.22 15.25 9.51 5.47
1929–1931 59.12 54.96 46.02 37.54 29.22 21.51 14.72 9.20 5.26
1939–1941 62.81 57.03 47.76 38.80 30.03 21.96 15.05 9.42 5.38
1949–1951 66.31 58.98 49.52 40.29 31.17 22.83 15.76 10.07 5.88
1959–1961567.55 59.78 50.25 40.98 31.73 23.22 16.01 10.29 5.89
1969–1971667.94 59.69 50.22 41.07 31.87 23.34 16.07 10.38 6.18
1979–1981 70.82 61.98 52.45 43.31 34.04 25.26 17.56 11.35 6.76
1990 72.7 63.5 54.0 44.7 35.6 26.7 18.7 12.1 7.1
1992 73.2 64.0 54.3 45.1 36.0 27.1 19.1 12.4 7.2
1993 73.1 63.8 54.2 44.9 35.9 27.0 18.9 12.3 7.1
199573.464.154.545.236.127.319.312.57.2
199774.365.055.345.936.727.719.612.77.4
199874.565.255.546.136.827.919.712.87.5
199974.665.355.646.236.928.019.812.97.5
200074.865.455.746.437.128.220.013.07.6
200175.065.656.046.637.328.420.213.27.7
200275.165.756.146.737.428.520.313.37.7
200375.366.056.346.937.628.820.613.58.0
2004775.766.356.747.338.029.120.913.78.1
20117 76.3 66.9 57.2 47.9 38.6 29.6 21.5 14.3 8.2
White females
1850140.5 47.2 40.2 35.4 29.8 23.5 17.0 11.3 6.4
1890144.46 49.62 42.03 35.36 28.76 22.09 15.70 10.15 5.75
1900–1902251.08 52.15 43.77 36.42 29.17 21.89 15.23 9.59 5.50
1909–1911253.62 53.57 44.88 36.96 29.26 21.74 14.92 9.38 5.35
1919–1921358.53 55.17 46.46 38.72 30.94 23.12 15.93 9.94 5.70
1929–1931 62.67 57.65 48.52 39.99 31.52 23.41 16.05 9.98 5.63
1939–1941 67.29 60.85 51.38 42.21 33.25 24.72 17.00 10.50 5.88
1949–1951 72.03 64.26 54.56 45.00 35.64 26.76 18.64 11.68 6.59
1959–1961574.19 66.05 56.29 46.63 37.13 28.08 19.69 12.38 6.67
1969–1971675.49 66.97 57.24 47.60 38.12 29.11 20.79 13.37 7.59
1979–1981 78.22 69.21 59.44 49.76 40.16 30.96 22.45 14.89 8.65
1990 79.4 70.1 60.3 50.6 41.0 31.6 23.0 15.4 9.0
1992 79.8 70.4 60.6 50.9 41.2 31.9 23.2 15.6 9.2
1993 79.5 70.1 60.3 50.6 41.0 31.7 23.0 15.3 8.9
199579.670.260.450.641.031.723.015.48.9
199779.970.560.750.941.332.023.215.59.1
199880.070.660.851.041.432.023.315.69.1
199979.970.560.650.941.331.923.215.59.0
200080.070.560.750.941.332.023.215.59.1
200180.270.860.951.241.632.323.515.79.3
200280.370.861.051.241.632.423.615.89.3
200380.571.061.251.541.932.623.816.09.6
2004780.871.361.551.842.132.924.116.29.7
20117 81.1 71.6 61.8 52.0 42.5 33.2 24.5 16.5 9.7
All other males4
1900–1902232.54 41.90 35.11 29.25 23.12 17.34 12.62 8.33 5.12
1909–1911234.05 40.65 33.46 27.33 21.57 16.21 11.67 8.00 5.53
1919–1921347.14 45.99 38.36 32.51 26.53 20.47 14.74 9.58 5.83
1929–1931 47.55 44.27 35.95 29.45 23.36 17.92 13.15 8.78 5.42
1939–1941 52.33 48.54 39.74 32.25 25.23 19.18 14.38 10.06 6.46
1949–1951 58.91 52.96 43.73 35.31 27.29 20.25 14.91 10.74 7.07
1959–1961561.48 55.19 45.78 37.05 28.72 21.28 15.29 10.81 6.87
1969–1971660.98 53.67 44.37 36.20 28.29 21.24 15.35 10.68 7.57
1979–1981 65.63 57.40 47.87 39.13 30.64 22.92 16.54 11.36 7.22
1990 67.0 58.5 49.0 40.3 31.9 23.9 17.0 11.4 7.0
1992 67.7 59.0 49.6 40.9 32.4 24.5 17.5 11.7 7.2
1993 67.3 58.6 49.2 40.6 32.2 24.3 17.3 11.5 6.9
199567.959.149.640.832.424.617.611.77.0
199769.860.951.442.533.725.518.312.47.9
199867.659.049.540.631.923.917.111.57.1
199967.859.249.640.731.924.017.211.67.2
200068.359.650.041.132.324.317.511.87.4
200168.659.850.341.432.524.417.511.77.3
200268.860.150.541.632.824.617.611.87.5
200369.060.350.741.832.924.817.912.17.9
2004769.861.051.442.533.625.318.312.68.2
20117 72.1 63.2 53.6 44.5 35.5 26.8 19.3 13.1 7.9
All other females4
1900–1902235.04 43.02 36.89 30.70 24.37 18.67 13.60 9.62 6.48
1909–1911237.67 42.84 36.14 29.61 23.34 17.65 12.78 9.22 6.05
1919–1921346.92 44.54 37.15 31.48 25.60 19.76 14.69 10.25 6.58
1929–1931 49.51 45.33 37.22 30.67 24.30 18.60 14.22 10.38 6.90
1939–1941 55.51 50.83 42.14 34.52 27.31 21.04 16.14 11.81 8.00
1949–1951 62.70 56.17 46.77 38.02 29.82 22.67 16.95 12.29 8.15
1959–1961566.47 59.72 50.07 40.83 32.16 24.31 17.83 12.46 7.66
1969–1971669.05 61.49 51.85 42.61 33.87 25.97 19.02 13.30 9.01
1979–1981 74.00 65.64 55.88 46.39 37.16 28.59 20.49 14.44 9.17
1990 75.2 66.6 56.8 47.3 38.1 29.2 21.3 14.5 8.8
1992 75.7 67.0 57.2 47.7 38.4 29.6 21.7 14.8 8.9
1993 75.5 66.7 56.9 47.4 38.2 29.5 21.4 14.5 8.7
199575.766.857.047.538.329.621.514.58.7
199776.767.858.048.439.130.322.115.19.4
199874.866.056.246.737.528.821.014.18.7
199974.766.056.246.637.428.720.914.08.6
200075.066.256.446.837.629.021.014.18.7
200175.566.656.847.238.029.321.514.79.2
200275.666.857.047.438.129.521.614.79.2
200376.167.257.447.838.629.922.115.39.8
2004776.567.657.848.238.930.222.315.49.7
20117 78.2 69.1 59.3 49.6 40.2 31.3 23.2 15.8 9.6
1. Massachusetts only; white and nonwhite combined, the latter being about 1% of the total.
Source: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States.
2. Original Death Registration States.
3. Death Registration States of 1920.
4. Data for periods 1900–1902, 1929–1931, 1998, 1999, 2000–2000, 2011 relate to blacks only.
5. Alaska and Hawaii included beginning in 1959.
6. Deaths of nonresidents of the United States excluded starting in 1970.
7. Preliminary data.
Sources: Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, /ipa/0/0/0/5/1/4/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; National Vital Statistics Reports, Web: www.dhhs.gov ; www.cdc.gov.

Mortality