Cite

Presidential Oaths of Office: Dates and Locations

Assuming the office

Each presidential term begins with an inaugural ceremony in which the president swears an oath of duty as prescribed in the Constitution. Every president in the last 80years has been sworn in by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court on January 20 or January 21, with the exception of Lyndon Johnson in 1963 (after the assassination of JFK) and Gerald Ford (following Nixon's resignation).

This information pertains to the inauguration of U.S. Presidents, from George Washington in 1789 to Joseph Biden in 2021.

DatePresidentLocationOath administered by
April 30, 1789George WashingtonBalcony of Federal Hall, New York CityRobert Livingston, Chancellor of State of New York
March 4, 1793George WashingtonSenate Chamber, Congress Hall, PhiladelphiaWilliam Cushing, Associate Justice of Supreme Court
March 4, 1797John AdamsHouse of Representatives Chamber, Congress Hall, PhiladelphiaOliver Ellsworth, Chief Justice
March 4, 1801Thomas JeffersonSenate Chamber, U.S. CapitolJohn Marshall, Chief Justice
March 4, 1805Thomas JeffersonSenate Chamber, U.S. CapitolJohn Marshall, Chief Justice
March 4, 1809James MadisonHouse Chamber, U.S. CapitolJohn Marshall, Chief Justice
March 4, 1813James MadisonHouse Chamber, U.S. CapitolJohn Marshall, Chief Justice
March 4, 1817James MonroeIn front of Old Brick Capitol (1st & A Sts., N.E.); now site of the Supreme Court BuildingJohn Marshall, Chief Justice
March 5, 1821James MonroeHouse Chamber, U.S. CapitolJohn Marshall, Chief Justice
March 4, 1825John Q. AdamsHouse Chamber, U.S. CapitolJohn Marshall, Chief Justice
March 4, 1829Andrew JacksonEast Portico, U.S. CapitolJohn Marshall, Chief Justice
March 4, 1833Andrew JacksonHouse Chamber, U.S. CapitolJohn Marshall, Chief Justice
March 4, 1837Martin Van BurenEast Portico, U.S. CapitolRoger B. Taney, Chief Justice
March 4, 1841William H. HarrisonEast Portico, U.S. CapitolRoger B. Taney, Chief Justice
April 6, 1841John TylerBrown's Hotel, 6th St. & Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C.William Cranch, Chief Judge of U.S. Circuit Court
March 4, 1845James K. PolkEast Portico, U.S. CapitolRoger B. Taney, Chief Justice
March 5, 1849Zachary TaylorEast Portico, U.S. CapitolRoger B. Taney, Chief Justice
July 10, 1850Millard FilmoreHouse Chamber, U.S. CapitolWilliam Cranch, Chief Judge of U.S. Circuit Court
March 4, 1853Franklin PierceEast Portico, U.S. CapitolRoger B. Taney, Chief Justice
March 4, 1857James BuchananEast Portico, U.S. CapitolRoger B. Taney, Chief Justice
March 4, 1861Abraham LincolnEast Portico, U.S. CapitolRoger B. Taney, Chief Justice
March 4, 1865Abraham LincolnEast Portico, U.S. CapitolSalmon P. Chase, Chief Justice
April 15, 1865Andrew JohnsonKirkwood Hotel, 12th St. & Pennsylvania Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C.Salmon P. Chase, Chief Justice
March 4, 1869Ulysses S. GrantEast Portico, U.S. CapitolSalmon P. Chase, Chief Justice
March 4, 1873Ulysses S. GrantEast Portico, U.S. CapitolSalmon P. Chase, Chief Justice
March 3, 1877Rutherford B. HayesPrivately in Red Room, White HouseMorrison R. Waite, Chief Justice
March 5, 1877Rutherford B. HayesPublicly on East Portico, U.S. CapitolMorrison R. Waite, Chief Justice
March 4, 1881James A. GarfieldEast Portico, U.S. CapitolMorrison R. Waite, Chief Justice
September 20, 1881Chester A. ArthurPrivately at his residence, 123 Lexington Avenue, New York CityJohn R. Brady, Justice of the New York State Supreme Court
September 22, 1881Chester A. ArthurPublicly in the Office of the Vice President, U.S. CapitolMorrison R. Waite, Chief Justice
March 4, 1885Grover ClevelandEast Portico, U.S. CapitolMorrison R. Waite, Chief Justice
March 4, 1889Benjamin HarrisonEast Portico, U.S. CapitolMelville W. Fuller, Chief Justice
March 4, 1893Grover ClevelandEast Portico, U.S. CapitolMelville W. Fuller, Chief Justice
March 4, 1897William McKinleyIn front of the Original Senate Wing, U.S. CapitolMelville W. Fuller, Chief Justice
March 4, 1901William McKinleyEast Portico, U.S. CapitolMelville W. Fuller, Chief Justice
September 4, 1901Theodore RooseveltAnsley Wilcox residence, Buffalo, New YorkJohn R. Hazel, U.S. District Judge for Western District of New York
March 4, 1905Theodore RooseveltEast Portico, U.S. CapitolMelville W. Fuller, Chief Justice
March 4, 1909William H. TaftSenate Chamber, U.S. CapitolMelville W. Fuller, Chief Justice
March 4, 1913Woodrow WilsonEast Portico, U.S. CapitolEdward D. White, Chief Justice
March 4, 1917Woodrow WilsonPrivately in President's Room, U.S. CapitolEdward D. White, Chief Justice
March 5, 1917Woodrow WilsonPublicly on East Portico, U.S. CapitolEdward D. White, Chief Justice
March 4, 1921Warren G. HardingEast Portico, U.S. CapitolEdward D. White, Chief Justice
August 3, 1923Calvin CoolidgeHis father's residence, Plymouth, VermontJohn C. Coolidge, his father, a Notary Public
March 4, 1925Calvin CoolidgeEast Portico, U.S. CapitolWilliam H. Taft, Chief Justice
March 4, 1929Herbert C. HooverEast Portico, U.S. CapitolWilliam H. Taft, Chief Justice
March 4, 1933Franklin D. RooseveltEast Portico, U.S. CapitolCharles E. Hughes, Chief Justice
January 20, 1937Franklin D. RooseveltEast Portico, U.S. CapitolCharles E. Hughes, Chief Justice
January 20, 1941Franklin D. RooseveltEast Portico, U.S. CapitolCharles E. Hughes, Chief Justice
January 20, 1945Franklin D. RooseveltSouth Portico, White HouseHarlan F. Stone, Chief Justice
April 12, 1945Harry S. TrumanCabinet Room, White HouseHarlan F. Stone, Chief Justice
January 20, 1949Harry S. TrumanEast Portico, U.S. CapitolFrederick Vinson, Chief Justice
January 20, 1953Dwight D. EisenhowerEast Portico, U.S. CapitolFrederick Vinson, Chief Justice
January 20, 1957Dwight D. EisenhowerPrivately in East Room, White HouseEarl Warren, Chief Justice
January 21, 1957Dwight D. EisenhowerPublicly on East Portico, U.S. CapitolEarl Warren, Chief Justice
January 20, 1961John F. KennedyEast Portico, U.S. CapitolEarl Warren, Chief Justice
November 22, 1963Lyndon B. JohnsonConference room aboard Air Force One at Love Field, Dallas, TexasSarah T. Hughes, U.S. District Judge, Northern District of Texas
January 20, 1965Lyndon B. JohnsonEast Portico, U.S. CapitolEarl Warren, Chief Justice
January 20, 1969Richard M. NixonEast Portico, U.S. CapitolEarl Warren, Chief Justice
January 20, 1973Richard M. NixonEast Portico, U.S. CapitolWarren E. Burger, Chief Justice
August 4, 1974Gerald R. FordEast Room, White HouseWarren E. Burger, Chief Justice
January 20, 1977James E. CarterEast Portico, U.S. CapitolWarren E. Burger, Chief Justice
January 20, 1981Ronald W. ReaganWest Front, U.S. CapitolWarren E. Burger, Chief Justice
January 20, 1985Ronald W. ReaganPrivately in North Entrance Hall, White HouseWarren E. Burger, Chief Justice
January 21, 1985Ronald W. ReaganPublicly in Rotunda, U.S. CapitolWarren E. Burger, Chief Justice
January 20, 1989George H. W. BushWest Front, U.S. CapitolWilliam Rehnquist, Chief Justice
January 20, 1993William J. ClintonWest Front, U.S. CapitolWilliam Rehnquist, Chief Justice
January 20, 1997William J. ClintonWest Front, U.S. CapitolWilliam Rehnquist, Chief Justice
January 20, 2001George W. BushWest Front, U.S. CapitolWilliam Rehnquist, Chief Justice
January 20, 2005George W. BushWest Front, U.S. CapitolWilliam Rehnquist, Chief Justice
January 20, 2009Barack H. ObamaWest Front, U.S. CapitolJohn G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice
January 20, 2013Barack H. ObamaWest Front, U.S. CapitolJohn G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice
January 20, 2017Donald J. TrumpWest Front, U.S. CapitolJohn G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice
January 20, 2021Joseph R. BidenWest Front, U.S. CapitolJohn G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice
Source: Architect of the Capitol, Office of the Curator.
The Presidential Oath of OfficeU.S. PresidentsPresidential Inaugural Addresses:
Length and Date of Speech