Timeline of Worldwide School and Mass Shootings
Gun-related tragedies in the U.S. and around the world
The following table lists notable worldwide mass and school shootings from 1996 to the present.
What distinguishes mass shootings from other incidences of gun crime—mob violence, racial lynchings, et cetera—is not entirely clear. Most commonly, mass shootings are defined as events in which a lone perpetrator or a small group of perpetrators uses firearms to kill three or more victims. School shootings by contrast have no numerical qualifier; a school shooting is any incidence of gun violence occurring at or in the vicinity of an educational institution.
The full scope of gun violence in the U.S. and abroad is immense. In the U.S. alone there were 346 mass shootings in 2017, or about one per day. Despite attempts by nonprofits like the Gun Violence Archive and by government agencies, it is almost impossible to present every mass shooting. Rather, these are modern shootings that garnered particular attention or had a lasting cultural impact. Find the date, location, and a short description of each incident.
|Feb. 2, 1996|
Moses Lake, Wash.
|Two students and one teacher killed, one other wounded when 14-year-old Barry Loukaitis opened fire on his algebra class.|
|Mar. 13, 1996|
|16 children and one teacher killed at Dunblane Primary School by Thomas Hamilton, who then killed himself. 10 others wounded in attack.|
|Apr. 28-29, 1996|
Port Arthur, Tasmania, Australia
|Martin Bryant, age 28, opened fire at a penal colony, killing 35 people and wounding 23. It was Australia's worst mass killing.|
|Feb. 19, 1997|
|Principal and one student killed, two others wounded by Evan Ramsey, 16.|
|Eight people (six students and two others) at two schools killed by Mohammad Ahman al-Naziri.|
|Oct. 1, 1997|
|Two students killed and seven wounded by Luke Woodham, 16, who was also accused of killing his mother. He and his friends were said to be outcasts who worshiped Satan.|
|Dec. 1, 1997|
West Paducah, Ky.
|Three students killed, five wounded by Michael Carneal, 14, as they participated in a prayer circle at Heath High School.|
|Dec. 15, 1997|
|Two students wounded. Colt Todd, 14, was hiding in the woods when he shot the students as they stood in the parking lot.|
|Mar. 24, 1998|
|Four students and one teacher killed, ten others wounded outside as Westside Middle School emptied during a false fire alarm. Mitchell Johnson, 13, and Andrew Golden, 11, shot at their classmates and teachers from the woods.|
|Apr. 24, 1998|
|One teacher, John Gillette, killed, two students wounded at a dance at James W. Parker Middle School. Andrew Wurst, 14, was charged.|
|May 19, 1998|
|One student killed in the parking lot at Lincoln County High School three days before he was to graduate. The victim was dating the ex-girlfriend of his killer, 18-year-old honor student Jacob Davis.|
|May 21, 1998|
|Two students killed, 22 others wounded in the cafeteria at Thurston High School by 15-year-old Kip Kinkel. Kinkel had been arrested and released a day earlier for bringing a gun to school. His parents were later found dead at home.|
|June 15, 1998|
|One teacher and one guidance counselor wounded by a 14-year-old boy in the school hallway.|
|Apr. 20, 1999|
|14 students (including killers) and one teacher killed, 23 others wounded at Columbine High School in the nation's deadliest school shooting. Eric Harris, 18, and Dylan Klebold, 17, had plotted for a year to kill at least 500 and blow up their school. At the end of their hour-long rampage, they turned their guns on themselves.|
|Apr. 28, 1999|
Taber, Alberta, Canada
|One student killed, one wounded at W. R. Myers High School in first fatal high school shooting in Canada in 20 years. The suspect, a 14-year-old boy, had dropped out of school after he was severely ostracized by his classmates.|
|May 20, 1999|
|Six students injured at Heritage High School by Thomas Solomon, 15, who was reportedly depressed after breaking up with his girlfriend.|
|Nov. 19, 1999|
|Victor Cordova Jr., 12, shot and killed Araceli Tena, 13, in the lobby of Deming Middle School.|
|Dec. 6, 1999|
Fort Gibson, Okla.
|Four students wounded as Seth Trickey, 13, opened fire with a 9mm semiautomatic handgun at Fort Gibson Middle School.|
|Dec. 7, 1999|
|One teacher and three students wounded by a 17-year-old student.|
|Feb. 29, 2000|
Mount Morris Township, Mich.
|Six-year-old Kayla Rolland shot dead at Buell Elementary School near Flint, Mich. The assailant was identified as a six-year-old boy with a .32-caliber handgun.|
|One teacher killed by a 15-year-old student, who then shot himself. The shooter has been in a coma ever since.|
|Mar. 10, 2000|
|Two students killed by Darrell Ingram, 19, while leaving a dance sponsored by Beach High School.|
|May 26, 2000|
Lake Worth, Fla.
|One teacher, Barry Grunow, shot and killed at Lake Worth Middle School by Nate Brazill, 13, with .25-caliber semiautomatic pistol on the last day of classes.|
|Sept. 26, 2000|
New Orleans, La.
|Two students wounded with the same gun during a fight at Woodson Middle School.|
|Jan. 17, 2001|
|One student shot and killed in front of Lake Clifton Eastern High School.|
|Jan. 18, 2001|
|One student killed by two boys, ages 17 and 19.|
|Mar. 5, 2001|
|Two killed and 13 wounded by Charles Andrew Williams, 15, firing from a bathroom at Santana High School.|
|Mar. 7, 2001|
|Elizabeth Catherine Bush, 14, wounded student Kimberly Marchese in the cafeteria of Bishop Neumann High School; she was depressed and frequently teased.|
|Mar. 22, 2001|
Granite Hills, Calif.
|One teacher and three students wounded by Jason Hoffman, 18, at Granite Hills High School. A policeman shot and wounded Hoffman.|
|Mar. 30, 2001|
|One student killed by Donald R. Burt, Jr., a 17-year-old student who had been expelled from Lew Wallace High School.|
|Nov. 12, 2001|
|Chris Buschbacher, 17, took two hostages at the Caro Learning Center before killing himself.|
|Jan. 15, 2002|
New York, N.Y.
|A teenager wounded two students at Martin Luther King Jr. High School.|
|Feb. 19, 2002|
|Two killed in Eching by a man at the factory from which he had been fired; he then traveled to Freising and killed the headmaster of the technical school from which he had been expelled. He also wounded another teacher before killing himself.|
|Apr. 26, 2002|
|13 teachers, two students, and one policeman killed, ten wounded by Robert Steinhaeuser, 19, at the Johann Gutenberg secondary school. Steinhaeuser then killed himself.|
|Apr. 29, 2002|
|One teacher killed, one wounded by Dragoslav Petkovic, 17, who then killed himself.|
|Oct. 28, 2002|
|Robert S. Flores Jr., 41, a student at the nursing school at the University of Arizona, shot and killed three female professors and then himself.|
|Apr. 14, 2003|
New Orleans, La.
|One 15-year-old killed, and three students wounded at John McDonogh High School by gunfire from four teenagers (none were students at the school). The motive was gang-related.|
|Apr. 24, 2003|
Red Lion, Pa.
|James Sheets, 14, killed principal Eugene Segro of Red Lion Area Junior High School before killing himself.|
|Sept. 24, 2003|
Cold Spring, Minn.
|Two students are killed at Rocori High School by John Jason McLaughlin, 15.|
|Sept. 28, 2004|
Carmen de Patagones, Argentina
|Three students killed and 6 wounded by a 15-year-old Argentininan student in a town 620 miles south of Buenos Aires.|
|Mar. 21, 2005|
Red Lake, Minn.
|Jeff Weise, 16, killed grandfather and companion, then arrived at school where he killed a teacher, a security guard, 5 students, and finally himself, leaving a total of 10 dead.|
|Nov. 8, 2005|
|One 15-year-old shot and killed an assistant principal at Campbell County High School and seriously wounded two other administrators.|
|Aug. 24, 2006 |
|Christopher Williams, 27, looking for his ex-girlfriend at Essex Elementary School, shot two teachers, killing one and wounding another. Before going to the school, he had killed the ex-girlfriend's mother.|
|Sept. 13, 2006|
|Kimveer Gill, 25, opened fire with a semiautomatic weapon at Dawson College. Anastasia De Sousa, 18, died and more than a dozen students and faculty were wounded before Gill killed himself.|
|Sept. 27, 2006 |
|Adult male held six students hostage at Platte Canyon High School and then shot and killed Emily Keyes, 16, and himself.|
|Sept. 29, 2006 |
|A 15-year-old student shot and killed Weston School principal John Klang.|
|Oct. 3, 2006|
Nickel Mines, Pa.
|32-year-old Carl Charles Roberts IV entered the one-room West Nickel Mines Amish School and shot 10 schoolgirls, ranging in age from 6 to 13 years old, and then himself. Five of the girls and Roberts died.|
|Jan. 3, 2007|
|Douglas Chanthabouly, 18, shot fellow student Samnang Kok, 17, in the hallway of Henry Foss High School.|
|April 16, 2007|
|A 23-year-old Virginia Tech student, Cho Seung-Hui, killed two in a dorm, then killed 30 more 2 hours later in a classroom building. His suicide brought the death toll to 33, making the shooting rampage the most deadly in U.S. history. Fifteen others were wounded.|
|Sept. 21, 2007|
|A Delaware State Univesity Freshman, Loyer D. Brandon, shot and wounded two other Freshman students on the University campus. Brandon is being charged with attempted murder, assault, reckless engagement, as well as a gun charge.|
|Oct. 10, 2007|
|A 14-year-old student at a Cleveland high school, Asa H. Coon, shot and injured two students and two teachers before he shot and killed himself. The victims' injuries were not life-threatening.|
|Nov. 7, 2007|
|An 18-year-old student in southern Finland shot and killed five boys, two girls, and the female principal at Jokela High School. At least 10 others were injured. The gunman shot himself and died from his wounds in the hospital.|
|Feb. 8, 2008|
Baton Rouge, La.
|A nursing student shot and killed two women and then herself in a classroom at Louisiana Technical College in Baton Rouge.|
|Feb. 11, 2008|
|A 17-year-old student at Mitchell High School shot and wounded a classmate in gym class.|
|Feb. 12, 2008|
|A 14-year-old boy shot a student at E.O. Green Junior High School causing the 15-year-old victim to be brain dead.|
|Feb. 14, 2008|
|Gunman killed five students and then himself, and wounded 17 more when he opened fire on a classroom at Northern Illinois University. The gunman, Stephen P. Kazmierczak, was identified as a former graduate student at the university in 2007.|
|Sept. 23, 2008|
|A 20-year-old male student shot and killed at least nine students and himself at a vocational college in Kauhajok, 330km (205 miles) north of the capital, Helsinki.|
|Nov. 12, 2008|
Fort Lauderdale, Fla.
|A 15-year-old female student was shot and killed by a classmate at Dillard High School in Fort Lauderdale.|
|Mar. 11, 2009|
|Fifteen people were shot and killed at Albertville Technical High School in southwestern Germany by a 17-year-old boy who attended the same school.|
|Apr. 30, 2009|
|A Georgian citizen of Azerbaijani descent killed 12 students and staff at Azerbaijan State Oil Academy. Several others were wounded.|
|Nov. 5, 2009|
|A shooting at the Fort Hood army post kills 13 and injures 29. Ten of those killed are military personnel, while one is a civilian. The alleged shooter is Maj. Nidal Malik Hasan, an army psychiatrist, was shot four times by an officer on the scene, but he survived the attack.|
|Feb. 5, 2010|
|At Discovery Middle School, a ninth-grader was shot by another student during a class change. The boy, whose name was not released, pulled out a gun and shot Todd Brown in the head while walking the hallway. Brown later died at Huntsville Hospital.|
|Feb. 12, 2010|
|During a meeting on campus, Amy Bishop, a biology professor, began shot her colleagues, killing three and wounding three others. A year earlier, Bishop had been denied tenure.|
|Mar. 9, 2010|
|A man opens fire at Ohio State University, killing two employees and wounding one other. The shooter had recently received an "unsatisfactory" job evaluation and was going to be fired on March 13.|
|Jan. 5, 2011|
|Two people were killed and two more injured in a shooting at Millard South High School. Shortly after being suspended from school, the shooter returned and shot the assistant principal, principal, and the school nurse. The shooter then left campus and took his own life.|
|Jan. 8, 2011|
|Arizona Rep. Gabrielle Giffords was shot in an assassination attempt. At least 17 others are shot by a gunman, identified as Jared Lee Loughner, who opened fire on the congresswoman's constituent meeting outside a local grocery store. Six people are fatally wounded, including U.S. District Court Judge John Roll, and a young girl.|
|Jan. 5, 2011|
|Two people opened fire during a Worthing High School powder-puff football game. One former student died. Five other people were injured.|
|Apr. 7, 2011|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|A 23-year-old former student returned to his public elementary school in Rio de Janeiro and began firing, killing 12 children and seriously wounding more than a dozen others, before shooting himself in the head. While Brazil has seen gang-related violence in urban areas, this was the worst school shooting the country has ever seen.|
|May 10, 2011|
San Jose, California
|Three people were killed in a parking garage at San Jose State University. Two former students were found dead on the fifth floor of the garage. A third, the suspected shooter, died later at the hospital.|
|July 22, 2011|
Tyrifjorden, Buskerud, Norway
|A gunman disguised as a policeman opened fire at a camp for young political activists on the island of Utoya. The gunman kills 68 campers, including personal friends of Prime Minister Stoltenberg. Police arrested Anders Behring Breivik, a 32-year-old Norwegian who had been been linked to an anti-Islamic group.|
|Dec. 8, 2011|
|A Virginia Tech police officer was shot and killed by a 22-year old student of Radford University. The shooting took place in a parking lot on Virginia Tech's campus.|
|Feb. 10, 2012|
Walpole, N. H.
|A 14-year-old student shot himself in front of 70 fellow students.|
|Feb. 27, 2012|
|At Chardon High School, a former classmate opened fire, killing three students and injuring six. Arrested shortly after the incident, the shooter said that he randomly picked students.|
|Mar. 6, 2012|
|Shane Schumerth, a 28-year-old teacher at Episcopal High School, returned to the campus after being fired and shot and killed the headmistress, Dale Regan, with an assault rifle.|
|Mar. 19, 2012|
|Mohammed Merah, a French man of Algerian descent, shot and killed a rabbi, two of his children, and another child at a Jewish school. Police believe he had earlier shot and killed three paratroopers. Merah said he was a member of Al Qaeda and that he was seeking revenge for the killing of Palestinian children.|
|Apr. 2, 2012|
|One Goh, a 43-year-old former student at Oikos University, a Christian school populated by mostly Korean and Korean-Americans, opened fire on the campus, killing seven people and wounding several others.|
|July 20, 2012|
|During a midnight screening of the film The Dark Knight Rises, a gunman opens fire on the crowded theater. At least 12 people are killed and 38 others are wounded. The suspect, James Holmes, set off a smoke device in the front of the theater before opening fire. Directly after the incident, Holmes, age 24, was arrested in a parking lot behind the theater.|
|Aug. 5, 2012|
Oak Creek, Wis.
|A gunman opens fire at a Sikh temple, killing six people and wounding three. Police shot and killed the suspect, Wade Michael Page, after the attack. Page, a neo-Nazi, served in the U.S. Army from 1992 to 1998.|
|Dec. 11, 2012|
|Jacob Tyler Roberts, 22, opened fire in the Clackamas Town Center mall, located 11 miles from downtown Portland, Oregon. Using an AR-15 semiautomatic assault rifle, Roberts killed two people and wounded one other. He then took his own life.|
|Dec. 14, 2012|
|Adam Lanza, 20, killed 20 children and six others at the Sandy Hook Elementary School. He killed his mother, Nancy, at her home prior to the massacre at the school. Lanza committed suicide after the rampage. The shooting was the second deadliest in U.S. history, behind the 2007 shooting at Virginia Polytechnic Institute that claimed 32 people.|
|Sept. 16, 2013|
|Former Navy reservist Aaron Alexis, 34, killed 12 people at the Washington Navy Yard, near the U.S. Capitol. He was killed in a shootout with police. Alexis was employed at the base by a military subcontractor.|
|Sept. 21, 2013|
|Shabab militants, who are based in Somalia, attacked an upscale mall, killing nearly 70 people and wounding about 175. The siege lasted for three days, with persistent fighting between government troops and militants. The attack was meticulously planned, and the militants proved to be challenging for the government to dislodge from the Westgate mall.|
|Oct. 21, 2013|
|A middle-school student shoots and kills Michael Landsberry, a math teacher at Sparks Middle School. The student then shot himself in front of other students.|
|Apr. 2, 2014|
|An Iraq war veteran opens fire at the Fort Hood Army base and kills three people before turning the gun on himself. At least 16 people are injured. The suspect, Army Specialist Ivan Lopez, was being evaluated for post-traumatic stress disorder, according to the Pentagon. Another fatal shooting at the base took place in 2009.|
|May 23, 2014|
Isla Vista, Calif.
|A gunman, identified as Elliot Rodger, kills six people and wounds 13 others in Isla Vista, Calif., a small town near Santa Barbara. He stabs three men in his apartment before driving to locations throughout the town where he kills three students from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Before the rampage, Rodger, age 22, posts a video called "Elliot Rodger's Retribution" on his YouTube Channel and writes a 137-page manifesto. In both, he expresses his anger over being rejected by women and his plans for revenge.|
|June 5, 2014|
|A man armed with a shotgun opens fire at Seattle Pacific University, killing one student and wounding two others. The suspect, Aaron Ybarra, 26, is not a student at the college. He was subdued by a student security guard and taken into custody.|
|Oct. 24, 2014|
|Jaylen Ray Fryberg, a popular freshman at Marysville-Pilchuck High School, opens fire in the cafeteria, killing two students and critically wounding three others before turning the gun on himself.|
|Jan. 7, 2015|
|Three masked gunmen storm the office of Charlie Hebdo, a satirical weekly magazine, and kill 12 people, including the paper's top editors and cartoonists, as well as two police officers. The provocative magazine is known for publishing charged cartoons that satirized Islamic terrorists and the Prophet Muhammad.|
|June 17, 2015|
Charleston, S. C.
|A white male opened fire during a prayer service at the historically significant Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church, killing nine people, including Rev. Clementa Pinckney, the church's pastor and a state senator. The alleged gunman, Dylann Storm Roof, 21, sat in the church for about an hour before beginning the rampage. He was caught about 200 miles away on June 18.|
|July 16, 2015|
|A gunman opened fire at a Navy and Marine recruiting center, killing four Marines. Three other people, including a recruiter and police officer were injured. One of the injured men later died of his wounds. The suspect, identified as Muhammad Youssef Abdulzeez, was shot and killed by police.|
|Oct. 1, 2015|
|A gunman opened fire at Umpqua Community College. Nine people were killed and seven more wounded. The suspected shooter, 26- year-old Chris Harper Mercer, killed himself after exchanging gunfire with the police.|
|Dec. 2, 2015|
San Bernardino, Calif.
|Fourteen people were killed and more than 20 wounded when two people opened fire at a holiday party at the Inland Regional Center, a service facility for people with disabilities and special needs. The suspects, husband and wife Syed Rizwan Farook and Tashfeen Malik, were killed in a shootout with police after the rampage. Officials said they believe the attack was terrorism related.|
|Feb. 20, 2016|
|An Uber driver, Jason Brian Dalton, went on a killing rampage throughout the town of Kalamazoo, Michigan killing 6 people. He started the 6-hour deadly spree by shooting a woman outside her townhouse, leaving her in critical condition. Then Dalton killed two men in a brightly-lit Kia dealership parking lot, after which he moved into a Cracker Barrel parking lot, killing four women there. A 14-year-old girl was also left in critical condition, but survived. The killer was arrested two hours after the shootings.|
|Feb. 25, 2016|
|A gunman opened fire at Excel Industries, a ride-on mower manufacturing plant, killing three people and wounding 14. A police officer and the assailant exchanged gunfire, and the suspect was killed. While driving to the plant, he fired several shots out of the car window, wounding three people. The gunman, who worked at Excel Industries, used an assault rifle in the shooting spree. His name was not released.|
|Apr. 23, 2016|
|An 18-year-old boy named Jakob Wagner opened fire at the Antigo High School prom. He shot 4 of his fellow students, none of which died from the injuries sustained. He was then chased out of the building and exchanged fire with a school police officer. Wagner was shot down in a field after trying to flee the scene. He died in the hospital a few hours later.|
|June 1, 2016|
Los Angeles, Calif.
|On the campus of UCLA a week before finals, a gunman shot and killed an instructor, William S. Klug, before killing himself. Assistant Professor Klug, 39, was a father of two who worked in the mechanical and aerospace engineering department.|
|June 12, 2016|
|A mass shooting at an Orlando nightclub in the early hours of Sunday, June 12, 2016, left 50 people dead, including the gunman, and more than 50 injured. The shooter was identified as Omar Mateen, 29, who entered the nightclub armed with an assault rifle and a pistol. According to authorities, Mr. Mateen pledged his allegiance to ISIS via a 911 call from inside the nightclub. This massacre is the deadliest mass shooting on U.S. soil.|
|July 7, 2016|
|Five police officers were killed and seven others wounded in a deadly ambush during a protest against recent fatal police shootings of two black men in Baton Rouge, La. and Minnesota. The shooter was military veteran Micah Xavier Johnson, 25, of Mesquite, Texas, who deliberately targeted the law enforcement officers.|
|Sept. 28, 2016|
Townville, S. C.
|A homeschooled teenager, Jesse Osborne, 14, shot and killed his father, then drove to the local elementary school playground where he shot two male students and a female teacher. The teacher and one of the boys were treated and released from the hospital; the other boy later died. The shooter was charged with murder.|
|Oct. 18, 2016|
San Francisco, Calif.
|Four males waited in the parking lot of San Francisco's June Jordan School for Equity and City Arts and Technology High School as students were released for the day, opening fire and injuring four students including a 15-year-old female who was critically injured.|
|Apr. 10, 2017|
San Bernadino, Calif.
|A teacher at North Park Elementary School is shot and killed by her husband in her classroom. The shooter, who would go on to take his own life with his gun, also shot two students. One, eight years old, was fatally wounded, and another injured.|
|Oct. 1, 2017|
Las Vegas, Nev.
|64-year-old Stephen Paddock, a retired area man, killed 58 and injured over 800 from the window of his room in the Mandalay Bay hotel. Paddock fired more than 1,000 rounds from 24 legally acquired guns. Paddock had no connections to hate groups, and no clear motive has ever been established. This is the worst attack by a single perpetrator in U.S. history.|
|Nov. 5, 2017 |
Sutherland Springs, Tex.
|Devin Kelley opened fire at the First Baptist Church in Sutherland Springs, killing 26 and injuring 20 more. He was shot by a civilian while fleeing. He crashed his escape vehicle, then committed suicide. Kelley was prohibited from gun ownership after being court-martialed in the Air Force, however the FBI was not notified and he was still able to acquire firearms. This was the deadliest ever attack at a place of worship in the U.S.|
|Nov. 14, 2017|
Rancho Tehama, Calif.
|Near the end of a two-day rampage killing, Kevin Neal drives a truck into Rancho Tehama Elementary. Neal had killed several neighbors, his wife, and a number of strangers prior. Police suspected Neal was going to kill his neighbors' son.|
|Jan. 23, 2018|
Marshall County, Ky.
|A sophomore student at Marshall County High School went to his school and opened fire in the school lobby. He shot 16 people in the lobby at Marshall County High School and injured 4 more by other means. Two students died.|
|Feb. 14, 2018 |
|A former student at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School who had been expelled for behavioral reasons, Nikolas Cruz, brought a semi-automatic rifle to his old school. He triggered a fire alarm and shot the fleeing students and faculty. The suspect, was arrested a distance away after he escaped in the crowd of students. He now faces charges for the murder of 17 people, and the attempted murder of 14 more.|