New Mexico

Facts & Figures

New Mexico
  • Capital: Santa Fe

  • State abbreviation/Postal code: N.M./NM

  • Governor: Susana Martinez, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Lieut. Governor: John Sanchez, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Senators: Tom Udall, D (to Jan. 2021); Martin Heinrich, D (to Jan. 2019)

  • U.S. Representatives: 3

  • Historical biographies of Congressional members

  • Secy. of State: Dianna J. Duran, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Atty. General: Hector Balderas, D (to Jan. 2019)

  • State Treasurer: Tim Eichenberg, D (to Jan. 2019)

  • Organized as territory: Sept. 9, 1850

  • Entered Union (rank): Jan. 6, 1912 (47)

  • Present constitution adopted: 1911

  • Motto: Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)

  • State symbols:

  • Nickname: Land of Enchantment (1999)

  • Origin of name: From Mexico, “place of Mexitli,” an Aztec god or leader

  • 10 largest cities (2012 est.): Albuquerque , 555,417; Las Cruces , 101,047; Rio Rancho, 90,818; Santa Fe , 69,204; Roswell , 48,477; Farmington, 45,854; South Valley, 40,976; Clovis, 39,197; Hobbs, 35,007; Alamogordo, 31,500

  • Land area: 121,356 sq mi. (314,312 sq km)

  • Geographic center: In Torrance Co., 12 mi. SSW of Willard

  • Number of counties: 33

  • Largest county by population and area: Bernalillo, 662,564 (2010); Catron, 6,928 sq mi.

  • State parks: 31

  • Residents: New Mexican

  • 2014 resident population est.: 2,085,572

  • 2010 resident census population (rank): 2,059,179 (36). Male: 1,017,421 (49.4%); Female: 1,041,758 (50.6%). White: 1,407,276 (68.4%); Black: 42,550 (2.1%); American Indian: 193,222 (9.4%); Asian: 28,208 (1.4%); Other race: 308,503 (15.0%); Two or more races: 77,010 (3.7%); Hispanic/Latino: 953,403 (46.3%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 74.8; 65 and over: 13.2; median age: 36.7.

  • Area codes

  • Tourism office

Flag of New Mexico