Idaho

Facts & Figures

Idaho flag
  • Capital: Boise

  • State abbreviation/Postal code: Idaho/ID

  • Governor: C. L. Butch Otter, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Lieut. Governor: Brad Little, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Senators: Mike Crapo, R (to Jan. 2017); Jim Risch, R (to Jan. 2015)

  • U.S. Representatives: 2

  • Historical biographies of Congressional members

  • Secy. of State: Lawerence Denney, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Atty. General: Lawrence Wasden, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Treasurer: Ron G. Crane, R (to Jan. 2019)

  • Organized as territory: March 3, 1863

  • Entered Union (rank): July 3, 1890 (43)

  • Present constitution adopted: 1890

  • Motto: Esto perpetua (It is forever)

  • State symbols:

  • Nickname: Gem State

  • Origin of name: An invented name whose meaning is unknown.

  • 10 largest cities (2014): Boise , 212,303; Nampa , 83,930; Meridian, 80,386; Idaho Falls , 57,899; Pocatello , 54,777; Caldwell, 47,668; Coeur d'Alene, 45,579; 45,158, 44,125; Lewiston, 32,051; Post Falls, 28,651.

  • Land area: 82,747 sq mi. (214,315 sq km)

  • Geographic center: In Custer Co., at Custer, SW of Challis

  • Number of counties: 44, plus small part of Yellowstone National Park

  • Largest county by population and area: Ada, 408,853 (2014); Idaho, 8,485 sq mi.

  • State forests: 881,000 ac.

  • State parks: 30 (43,000+ ac.)

  • Residents: Idahoan

  • 2014 resident population: 1,634,464

  • 2010 resident census population (rank): 1,567,582(39). Male: 785,324 (50.1%); Female: 782,258 (49.9%). White: 1,396,487 (89.1%); Black: 9,810 (0.6%); American Indian: 21,441 (1.4%); Asian: 19,069 (1.2%); Other race: 79,523 (4.2%); Two or more races: 38,935 (2.5%); Hispanic/Latino: 175,901 (11.2%). 2010 population 18 and over: 1,138,510; 65 and over: 194,668 (12.4%); median age: 34.6.

  • Area codes

  • Tourism office

Flag of Idaho