Home

Cite

Local Government | Civics: Links to History

Civics: Government and Economics in Action

Links to History: Local Government

1000
  • Painting of Normans conquering England
    source: Gianni Dagli Orti, Corbis/Bettmann
1066 Normans conquer England and change name of shires (local administrative divisions) to counties.
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1565 Saint Augustine, the oldest city in the United States, is founded by the Spanish explorer Pedro Menéndez de Avilés.
1600
1607 Jamestown becomes the first permanent English settlement in the New World.
1620 English settlers who had sailed to North America on the Mayflower write the Mayflower Compact.
  • Painting of William Penn
    source: Hulton Archive, Getty Images Inc. - Hulton Archive Photos
1629 The Massachusetts Bay Company is founded. As a private company, it governs the Massachusetts Bay Colony for the next fifty years.
1682 William Penn founds city of Philadelphia.
1600s-1700s Middle and southern colonies develop counties. Northern colonies prefer the town as the local governing unit.
1700
1800
  • Wagon Trains
    source: SuperStock, Inc.
1800s As the United States expands to the west, more counties are established.
1900
2000
2000s There are more than 3,100 counties in the United States.
view next Timelineview all Timelines