WordNet 3.0 Copyright © 2006 by Princeton University.
- 1. Istanbul, Stambul, Stamboul, Constantinople
- usage: the largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church
- 2. Constantinople, Fourth Council of Constantinople, council
- usage: the council in 869 that condemned Photius who had become the patriarch of Constantinople without approval from the Vatican, thereby precipitating the schism between the eastern and western churches
- 3. Constantinople, Third Council of Constantinople, ecumenical council
- usage: the sixth ecumenical council in 680-681 which condemned Monothelitism by defining two wills in Christ, divine and human
- 4. Constantinople, Second Council of Constantinople, ecumenical council
- usage: the fifth ecumenical council in 553 which held Origen's writings to be heretic
- 5. Constantinople, First Council of Constantinople, ecumenical council
- usage: the second ecumenical council in 381 which added wording about the Holy Spirit to the Nicene Creed
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See also: constantinople (Dictionary)