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(Encyclopedia) GPU: see secret police.

Dzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovich

(Encyclopedia) Dzerzhinsky, Feliks EdmundovichDzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovichfyĕˈlyĭks ĕdm&oomacr;nˈdəvĭch dzĭrzhēnˈskē [key], 1877–1926, Russian Bolshevik leader, organizer, and first chairman (…


(Encyclopedia) Gulag, system of forced-labor prison camps in the USSR, from the Russian acronym [GULag] for the Main Directorate of Corrective Labor Camps, a department of the Soviet secret police (…

secret police

(Encyclopedia) secret police, policing organization operating in secrecy for the political purposes of its government, often with terroristic procedures. Many states, including Chile, Iran, Iraq,…