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Lupercalia

(Encyclopedia) Lupercalia lo͞opərkāl´yə [key], ancient Roman festival held annually on Feb. 15. The ceremony of the festival was intended to secure fertility and keep out evil. Two male youths, clad in ...

Evander

(Encyclopedia) Evander ĭvăn´dər [key], in Greek religion, a minor deity worshiped in Arcadia in connection with Pan. In Roman religion, he was said to have introduced the worship of Faunus and to ...

Faunus

(Encyclopedia) Faunus fôn´əs [key], in Roman religion, woodland deity, protector of herds and crops. He was identified with the Greek Pan . His festival was observed on Dec. 5 with dancing and merry...

Saint Valentine's Day

(Encyclopedia) Saint Valentine's Day, Western European Christian holiday, originally the Roman feast of Lupercalia . It was christianized in memory of the martyrdom of St. Valentine in AD 270, who, in m...

carnival

(Encyclopedia) carnival, communal celebration, especially the religious celebration in Catholic countries that takes place just before Lent . Since early times carnivals have been accompanied by parades...

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