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Yukio Mishima

Name at birth: Kimitake HiraokaYukio Mishima is one of the most widely-read Japanese authors of the 20th century, due in part to his dramatic suicide in 1970. Born in Tokyo, Mishima studied law and…

Mishima, Yukio

(Encyclopedia) Mishima, Yukio yo͞o´kēō mĭsh´ēmä, 1925–70, Japanese author, b. Tokyo. His original name was Kimitake Hiraoka and he was born into a samurai family. Mishima wrote novels, short stories…

Mishima

(Encyclopedia) Mishima mē´shēmä, city (1990 pop. 105,418), Shizuoka prefecture, central Honshu, Japan. It is a hot-spring resort, a transportation hub, and a center for dairy processing and…

Ozaki, Yukio

(Encyclopedia) Ozaki, Yukio yo͞o´kēō ōzä´kē, 1859–1954, Japanese statesman, the outstanding liberal of late 19th-century and early 20th-century Japan. A newspaper editor, he helped Okuma form the…

Hatoyama, Yukio

(Encyclopedia) Hatoyama, Yukio yo͞o´kēō hätō´yämä, 1947–, Japanese politician, grad. Tokyo Univ. (B.S., 1969), Stanford (Ph.D, 1976). Though his grandfather was Prime Minister Ichiro Hatoyama and his…

Kawabata, Yasunari

(Encyclopedia) Kawabata, Yasunari yäso͞onä´rē käwä´bätä, 1899–1972, Japanese novelist. His first major work was The Izu Dancer, (1925). He came to be a leader of the school of Japanese writers that…

Japanese literature

(Encyclopedia) Japanese literature, literary works produced in the language of the islands of Japan. See also Asian drama. Earliest Writings Although Japanese and Chinese are different languages,…

Asian drama

(Encyclopedia) Asian drama, dramatic works produced in the East. Of the three major Asian dramas—Sanskrit, Chinese, Japanese—the oldest is Sanskrit, although the dates of its origin are uncertain.…

hara-kiri

(Encyclopedia) hara-kiri här´ə-kēr´ē, hăr´ə– [Jap.,=belly-cutting], the traditional Japanese form of honorable suicide, also known by its Chinese equivalent, seppuku. It was practiced by the Japanese…

novel

(Encyclopedia) novel, in modern literary usage, a sustained work of prose fiction a volume or more in length. It is distinguished from the short story and the fictional sketch, which are necessarily…