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Storting

(Encyclopedia) Storting stôr´tĭng, national parliament of Norway, dating from 1814. Its members are elected by direct universal suffrage for a four-year term, and representation is proportional. The…

Bundestag

(Encyclopedia) Bundestag bo͝on´dĕstäkh˝, lower house of the parliament of the Federal Republic of Germany. It is a popularly elected body that elects the chancellor, passes all legislation (subject…

diet

(Encyclopedia) diet, parliamentary bodies in Japan, Poland, Hungary, Bohemia, the Scandinavian nations, and Germany have been called diets. In German history, the diet originated as a meeting of…

Lichnowsky, Karl Max, Fürst von

(Encyclopedia) Lichnowsky, Karl Max, Fürst von kärl mäks fürst fən lĭkhnôf´skē, 1860–1928, German diplomat, ambassador to London (1912–14). In a privately circulated pamphlet (1916) he asserted that…

Althing

(Encyclopedia) Althing äl´thĭng [Icel.,=general diet], parliament of Iceland. This assembly, the oldest in Europe, was convened at Thingvellir, SW Iceland, in 930. It was dissolved in 1800, was…

Hosokawa, Morihiro

(Encyclopedia) Hosokawa, Morihiro mō˝rēhē´rō hō˝sōkä´wä, 1938–, Japanese politician, a member of a noble family and grandson of Fumimaro Konoye. A journalist and member of the Liberal Democratic…

Vandenberg, Arthur Hendrick

(Encyclopedia) Vandenberg, Arthur Hendrick, 1884–1951, American politician, b. Grand Rapids, Mich. He was editor and publisher of the Grand Rapids Herald from 1906 to 1928, when he was appointed to…

Shekhar, Chandra

(Encyclopedia) Shekhar, Chandra (Chandra Shekhar Singh), 1927–2007, Indian political leader, prime minister of India (1990–91), b. Uttar Pradesh. Active in the Socialist party, he served in the upper…

Fukuda, Yasuo

(Encyclopedia) Fukuda, Yasuo yäso͞o´ō fo͞oko͞o´dä, 1936–, Japanese politician. Son of ex-prime minister (1976–78) Takeo Fukuda, he attended Waseda Univ. (grad. 1959) and worked for an oil company for…

Jayalalitha, Jayaram

(Encyclopedia) Jayalalitha, Jayaram, 1948–2016, Indian film actress and politician. During her successful acting career (1964–80), she appeared in over 100 films, many of them with the Dravidian…