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toxin

(Encyclopedia) toxin, poison produced by living organisms. Toxins are classified as either exotoxins or endotoxins. Exotoxins are a diverse group of soluble proteins released into the surrounding?

toxin-antitoxin

(Encyclopedia) toxin-antitoxin, mixture of a poisonous substance, or toxin, with an antitoxin, or antibody, in such proportion that a large percentage of the toxin is neutralized by the antitoxin.?

toxoid

(Encyclopedia) toxoid, protein toxin treated by heat or chemicals so that its poisonous property is destroyed but its capacity to stimulate the formation of toxin antibodies, or antitoxins, remains.?

antitoxin

(Encyclopedia) antitoxin, any of a group of antibodies formed in the body as a response to the introduction of poisonous products, or toxins. By introducing small amounts of a specific toxin into the?

Schick test

(Encyclopedia) Schick test, diagnostic test designed to evaluate susceptibility to diphtheria. A small amount of diphtheria toxin is injected into the skin; the injection will produce an area of?

botulism

(Encyclopedia) botulism b?ch?l?z??m, acute poisoning resulting from ingestion of food containing toxins produced by the bacillus Clostridium botulinum. The bacterium can grow only in an anaerobic?

intoxication

(Encyclopedia) intoxication, condition of body tissue affected by a poisonous substance. Poisonous materials, or toxins, are to be found in heavy metals such as lead and mercury, in drugs, in?

toxemia

(Encyclopedia) toxemia t?ks?m??, disease state caused by the presence in the blood of bacterial toxins or other harmful substances. The effects of the bacterial toxins known as endotoxins are?

sore throat, streptococcal

(Encyclopedia) sore throat, streptococcal str?p?t?k?k?l, infection and inflammation of the pharynx caused by certain streptococcal bacteria. These organisms are known as hemolytic streptococci?

toxicology

(Encyclopedia) toxicology, study of poisons, or toxins, from the standpoint of detection, isolation, identification, and determination of their effects on the human body. Toxicology may be considered?