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Teotihuacán

(Encyclopedia) Teotihuacán tāōtēwäkän´, ancient commercial and religious center in the central valley of Mexico, c.30 mi (48 km) NE of Mexico City. Once thought to be the great religious center of…

National Museum of Anthropology

(Encyclopedia) National Museum of Anthropology, Mexico City. The present building, designed by Pedro Ramírez Vázquez and inspired by ancient Mexican architecture, was opened in 1964 and houses choice…

El Tajín

(Encyclopedia) El Tajín ĕl tähēn´, ruins, Veracruz state, E central Mexico, representing the remains of a pre-Columbian city-state that flourished in &AD; 100–1200. The site was associated with…

Toltec

(Encyclopedia) Toltec tŏl´tĕk, ancient civilization of Mexico. The name in Nahuatl means master builders. The Toltec formed a warrior aristocracy that gained ascendancy in the Valley of Mexico c.…

pre-Columbian art and architecture

(Encyclopedia) pre-Columbian art and architecture, works of art and structures created in Central and South America before the arrival of Europeans in the Western Hemisphere. For many years the…

Copán

(Encyclopedia) Copán kōpän´, ruined city of the Maya, W Honduras, in a small river valley of the same name. Copán is noted for its fine sculptured stele and majestic architecture. The ruins were the…

Quetzalcoatl

(Encyclopedia) Quetzalcoatl kĕt˝sälkôät´əl [Nahuatl,=feathered serpent], ancient deity and legendary ruler of the Toltec in Mexico. The name is also that of a Toltec ruler, who is credited with the…

Natives, Middle American

(Encyclopedia) Natives, Middle American or Mesoamerican, aboriginal peoples living in the area between present-day United States and South America. Although most of Mexico is geographically…

Famous Buildings and Structures

Prehistorical and Ancient The megalithic passage tomb at Newgrange in Ireland covers over an acre and was constructed around 3200 B.C. Buried for centuries, the mound was rediscovered in…

Texas

Texas State Facts Entered Union: Dec. 29, 1845 (28th State)Organized as republic: 1836Present constitution adopted: 1876 Fun Facts State abbreviation/Postal code: Tex./TXNickname: The Lone Star…