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syntax

(Encyclopedia) syntax: see grammar.

Brewer's: Doctor Syntax

A simple-minded, pious henpecked clergyman, very simpleminded, but of excellent taste and scholarship, who left home in search of the picturesque. His adventures are told in eight-syllable…

Combe, William

(Encyclopedia) Combe, William ko͝om, kōm, 1741–1823, English satirist and miscellaneous writer, b. Bristol. His writing was mainly hack work, issued anonymously to avoid seizure of the proceeds by…

Jespersen, Otto

(Encyclopedia) Jespersen, Otto ŏ´tō yĕs´pərsən, 1860–1943, Danish philologist. Professor of English language and literature at the Univ. of Copenhagen and later rector there, Jespersen first earned a…

grammar

(Encyclopedia) grammar, description of the structure of a language, consisting of the sounds (see phonology); the meaningful combinations of these sounds into words or parts of words, called…

Damas, Léon

(Encyclopedia) Damas, Léon lāôN´ dämä´ (Léon-Gentran Damas), 1912–78, French poet, b. French Guiana. With Léopold Senghor and Aimé Césaire he was one of the first adherents of négritude, a cultural…

Esperanto

(Encyclopedia) Esperanto ĕspərän´tō, an artificial language introduced in 1887 and intended by its inventor, Dr. Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof (1859–1917), a Polish oculist and linguist, to ease…

Duncan, Robert

(Encyclopedia) Duncan, Robert, 1919–88, American poet, b. Oakland, Calif. He was a leading poet of the San Francisco renaissance during the late 1940s. His lyric style contains private allusions,…

Carnap, Rudolf

(Encyclopedia) Carnap, Rudolf kär´näp, –năp, 1891–1970, German-American philosopher. He taught philosophy at the Univ. of Vienna (1926–31) and at the German Univ. in Prague (1931–35). After going to…

Borgese, Giuseppe Antonio

(Encyclopedia) Borgese, Giuseppe Antonio jo͞ozĕp´pā äntō´nyō bōrjā´zā, 1882–1952, Italian-American author, b. near Palermo, Ph.D. Univ. of Florence, 1903. From 1910 to 1931 he taught at the…