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Engels

(Encyclopedia) Engels ĕng´gĭls, city (1989 pop. 181,000), E European Russia, a port on the Volga River. It has a large chemical fiber complex. Founded by Ukrainian settlers, it was a major…

Tangier

(Encyclopedia) Tangier, island, E Va., in S Chesapeake Bay. Capt. John Smith first visited the island in 1608, and in 1620 settlers arrived from Cornwall, England. Isolated from the mainland, the…

Henry, Cape

(Encyclopedia) Henry, Cape, SE Va., promontary at the entrance to Chesapeake Bay, E of Norfolk. Cape Henry Memorial marks the approximate spot where the Jamestown settlers landed in 1607. In 1939 the…

Crawford Notch

(Encyclopedia) Crawford Notch, water gap in the White Mts., N central N.H., through which the Saco River flows. It is named for Abel Crawford, an early settler. The area is a state park (est. 1911).

Butler, Zebulon

(Encyclopedia) Butler, Zebulon, 1731–95, American colonial leader, b. Ipswich, Mass. After serving in the French and Indian Wars, Butler led a group of Connecticut settlers to the Wyoming Valley in N…

Susquehanna Company

(Encyclopedia) Susquehanna Company, land company formed (1753) in Connecticut for the purpose of developing the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania. A tract of land was purchased from the Native Americans…

Ayllón, Lucas Vásquez de

(Encyclopedia) Ayllón, Lucas Vásquez de lo͞o´käs väs´kāth dā īlyōn´, c.1475–1526, Spanish explorer. He emigrated in 1502 to Santo Domingo, where he became a public official. In 1521, Francisco…

South Pass

(Encyclopedia) South Pass, broad, level valley (alt. c.7,550 ft/2,301 m), SW Wyo., cutting across the Rocky Mts. It was used by trappers and explorers before Jedediah Smith inaugurated its use as a…

Stolberg

(Encyclopedia) Stolberg shtôl´bĕrkh˝, city (1994 pop. 58,028), North Rhine–Westphalia, W Germany; chartered 1856. It is a center of the German brass industry, which was started (c.1600) there by…

Thayer, Eli

(Encyclopedia) Thayer, Eli, 1819–99, American abolitionist, b. Medon, Mass. He was a Free-Soiler in the Massachusetts legislature (1853–54), organized the New England Emigrant Aid Company for sending…