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mechanism

(Encyclopedia) mechanism, philosophical theory about the nature of organic systems, holding that organisms are machines in the sense that they are material systems. Mechanism seeks to explain…

Kwanzaa

(Encyclopedia) Kwanzaa or Kwanzaboth: kwän´zə, secular seven-day festival in celebration of the African heritage of African Americans, beginning on Dec. 26. Developed by Maulana Karenga and first…

Green, Thomas Hill

(Encyclopedia) Green, Thomas Hill, 1836–82, English idealist philosopher. Educated at Oxford, he was associated with the university all his life. He was professor of moral philosophy there from 1878…

Pu Yi

(Encyclopedia) Pu Yi po͞o yē or Henry Pu-yi, Manchu Aisin Gioro, 1906–67, last emperor (1908–12) of China, under the reign name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government…

Socialist Revolutionary party

(Encyclopedia) Socialist Revolutionary party, in Russian history, an agrarian party founded by various Populist groups in 1901. Its program, adopted in 1906, called for the overthrow of the autocracy…

Southeast Asia Treaty Organization

(Encyclopedia) Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), alliance organized (1954) under the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty by representatives of Australia, France, Great Britain, New…

Mas i Gavarró, Artur

(Encyclopedia) Mas i Gavarró, Artur, 1956–, Catalonian nationalist leader, b. Barcelona, grad. Univ. of Barcelona. An economist, he was the head of the Democratic Convergence of Catalonia (CDC), a…

Driesch, Hans Adolf Eduard

(Encyclopedia) Driesch, Hans Adolf Eduard häns ä´dôlf ā´do͞oärt drēsh, 1867–1941, German philosopher, b. Bad Kreuznach, grad. (zoology) Univ. of Jena, 1889. His early interest in biology was…

annexation

(Encyclopedia) annexation, in international law, formal act by which a state asserts its sovereignty over a territory previously outside its jurisdiction. Many kinds of territory have been subject to…

American Indian Movement

(Encyclopedia) American Indian Movement (AIM), Native American civil-rights activist organization, founded in 1968 to encourage self-determination among Native Americans and to establish…