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orientation

(Encyclopedia) orientation, in architecture, the disposition of the parts of a building with reference to the points of the compass. From remote antiquity the traditional belief in the efficacy of religious c...

Banda Oriental

(Encyclopedia) Banda Oriental bän´dä ōryāntäl´ [key] [Span.,=eastern shore, i.e., of the Río de la Plata ], region, S Uruguay. An alluvial plain, it is Uruguay's principal cattle-raising and wh...

Orient Express

In 1883 the Orient Express began service from Paris to Istanbul, crossing six countries. The train was famous for its five-course French meals and for its passengers, who were often d…

Transliteration of Oriental Alphabets

Transliteration of Oriental AlphabetsThe system of transcribing Oriental words with Roman types, adopted by the translators of the Sacred Books of the East, is, on the whole, t…

Brewer's: Orientation

The placing of the east window of a church due east, that is, so that the rising sun may at noon shine on the altar. Anciently, churches were built with their axes pointing …

object-oriented programming

(Encyclopedia) object-oriented programming, a modular approach to computer program (software) design. Each module, or object, combines data and procedures (sequences of instructions) that act on the da...

Haut-Zaïre

(Encyclopedia) Haut-Zaïre, region, Zaïre: see Orientale .

Frankfort, Henri

(Encyclopedia) Frankfort, Henri äNrē´ [key], 1897–1954, American archaeologist, b. the Netherlands. He directed the excavations of the Egypt Exploration Society (1925–29) and the Iraq expeditions (192...