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Flemish language

(Encyclopedia) Flemish language, member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages ). Generally regarded as the Belgian variant...

Abd al-Malik

(Encyclopedia) Abd al-Malik äb˝do͝ol-mälĭk´ [key], c.646–705, 5th Umayyad caliph (685–705); son of Marwan I. At his accession, Islam was torn by dissension and threatened by the Byzantine Em...

Turkish language

(Encyclopedia) Turkish language, member of the Turkic subdivision of the Altaic subfamily of the Ural-Altaic family of languages (see Uralic and Altaic languages ). Turkish is the official langua...

Czech language

(Encyclopedia) Czech language chĕk [key], in the past sometimes also called Bohemian, member of the West Slavic group of the Slavic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Slavic langua...

Latvian

(Encyclopedia) Latvian or Lettish lĕt´ĭsh [key], a language belonging to the Baltic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Baltic languages ). The mother tongue of close to 3...

Hindi

(Encyclopedia) Hindi hĭn´dē [key], language belonging to the Indic group of the Indo-Iranian subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. The official language of India, Hindi is the written...

Lithuanian

(Encyclopedia) Lithuanian lĭth˝o͞oā´nēən [key], a language belonging to the Baltic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Baltic languages ). The official language of Lithuania ...

Afrikaans

(Encyclopedia) Afrikaans ăf˝rəkäns´ [key], member of the West Germanic group of the Germanic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Germanic languages ). Although its classificati...

Rhaeto-Romanic

(Encyclopedia) Rhaeto-Romanic rē´tō-rōmăn´ĭk [key], generic name for several related dialects of the Romance group of the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages (see Romance la...

Hawaiian

(Encyclopedia) Hawaiian, member of the Polynesian group of the Austronesian family of languages. Of the fewer than 10,000 people who speak Hawaiian, only a few hundred are native speakers, but the language is...