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Portolá, Gaspar de

(Encyclopedia) Portolá, Gaspar de gäspär´ dā pôrtōlä´, fl. 1734–84, Spanish explorer in the Far West. After serving in Italy and Portugal, he was sent (1767) to America as governor of the Californias…

Pacific Grove

(Encyclopedia) Pacific Grove, residential and resort city (1990 pop. 16,117), Monterey co., W central Calif., on a point where Monterey Bay meets the Pacific Ocean; inc. 1889. Among the natural…

Salinas

(Encyclopedia) Salinas, river, c.150 mi (240 km) long, rising in the Santa Lucia Mts., S Calif., and flowing (partly underground) past King City, Paso Robles, and Salinas, NW to Monterey Bay. The…

Vizcaíno, Sebastián

(Encyclopedia) Vizcaíno, Sebastián sāvästyän´ vēthkäē´nō, c.1550–c.1628, Spanish explorer and merchant. After an unsuccessful attempt to plant a colony in Lower California (1596), he sailed (1602) to…

Watsonville

(Encyclopedia) Watsonville, city (1990 pop. 31,099), Santa Cruz co., W Calif., on the Pajaro River near Monterey Bay; founded 1852, inc. 1868. It is a trade and processing center for vegetables,…

Santa Cruz

(Encyclopedia) Santa Cruz săn´tə kro͞oz, city (1990 pop. 49,040), seat of Santa Cruz co., W Calif., on the north shore of Monterey Bay; inc. 1866. Surrounded by hills and redwoods, the city is a…

Seaside

(Encyclopedia) Seaside. 1 City (1990 pop. 38,901), Monterey co., W Calif., on Monterey Bay, in a fruit region; founded 1887, inc. 1954. Its economy is based largely upon tourism. California State…

California State University System

(Encyclopedia) California State University System, coordinating agency established in 1960 by the merger of individual California state colleges, now consisting of 23 campuses. It constitutes one of…

National Marine Sanctuary Program

(Encyclopedia) National Marine Sanctuary Program, federally owned marine and Great Lakes reserves, administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The program consists of…

Monterey

(Encyclopedia) Monterey mŏntərā´, city (1990 pop. 31,954), Monterey co., W Calif., a port on Monterey Bay; founded 1770, inc. 1850. It is a popular resort, the home of many artists and writers, and…