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Magoon, Charles Edward

(Encyclopedia) Magoon, Charles Edward məgo͞on´, 1861–1920, American administrator, b. Steele co., Minn. As an attorney (1899–1904) for the Bureau of Insular Affairs in the War Dept., he dealt with…

Morillo, Pablo

(Encyclopedia) Morillo, Pablo pä´blō mōrē´lyō, 1778–1837, Spanish general. Sent in 1815 to put down the revolution in New Granada, he captured Cartagena, quelled (1816) the insurrection in Bogotá,…

military government

(Encyclopedia) military government, rule of enemy territory under military occupation. It is distinguished from martial law, which is the temporary rule by domestic armed forces over disturbed areas…

Watling Street

(Encyclopedia) Watling Street wŏt´lĭng, important ancient road in England, built by the Romans in the course of their military occupation. It ran from London generally north to the intersection with…

Shapur II

(Encyclopedia) Shapur II or Sapor II, 310–79, king of Persia (310–79), of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, dynasty. He was the posthumous son of Hormuz II and therefore was born king. His long reign was…

Tenure of Office Act

(Encyclopedia) Tenure of Office Act, in U.S. history, measure passed on Mar. 2, 1867, by Congress over the veto of President Andrew Johnson; it forbade the President to remove any federal…

Mahdi

(Encyclopedia) Mahdi mä´dē [Arab.,=he who is divinely guided], in Sunni Islam, the restorer of the faith. He will appear at the end of time to restore justice on earth and establish universal Islam.…

Saxony-Anhalt

(Encyclopedia) Saxony-Anhalt săk´sənē-än´hält, Ger. Sachsen-Anhalt, state (1994 pop. 2,965,000), 7,892 sq mi (20,445 sq km), E Germany. Magdeburg is the capital. It is bordered on the east by…

Berlin, Congress of

(Encyclopedia) Berlin, Congress of, 1878, called by the signers of the Treaty of Paris of 1856 (see Paris, Congress of) to reconsider the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which Russia had forced…

Kandahar

(Encyclopedia) Kandahar or Qandaharboth: kăn˝dəhär´, city (1989 est. pop. 203,000), capital of Kandahar prov., S Afghanistan. The country's second largest city and chief trade center, Kandahar…