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Metaphysics

(Greek, after-physics). The disciples of Aristotle thought that matter or nature should be studied before mind. The Greek for matter or nature is physics, and the science of its causes and …

Moral

The moral Gower. John Gower, the poet, is so called by Chaucer. (1320-1402.) Father of moral philosophy. Thomas Aquinas (1227-1274). Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Bre…

Philosophers

The Seven Sages or Wise Men of Greece. Thale, Solon, Chilon, Pittacos, Bias, Cleobulos, Periander; to which add Sosiade, Anacharsis the Scythian, Myson the Spartan, Epimenide the Cretan; an…

Philosopher

The sages of Greece used to be called sophoi (wise men), but Pythagoras thought the word too arrogant, and adopted the compound philosophoi (lover of wisdom), whence “philosopher,&#82…

Evo Morales

Name at birth: Juan Evo Morales AymaEvo Morales has been the president of Bolivia since January of 2006. Known simply as Evo, he came to national prominence after a career as a coca farmer and union …

Guides

(pron. gheed). Contraction of guidons. A corps of French cavalry which carries the guidon, a standard borne by light horse-soldiers, broad at one end and nearly pointed at the other. The co…

Philosopher's Stone

The way to wealth. The ancient alchemists thought there was a substance which would convert all baser metals into gold. This substance they called the philosopher's stone. Here the word sto…

Philosopher's Egg

(The). A preservative against poison, and a cure for the plague; a panacea. The shell of a new egg being pricked, the white is blown out, and the place filed with saffron or a yolk of an eg…

Philosopher's Tree

(The), or Diana's tree. An amalgam of crystallised silver, obtained from mercury in a solution of silver; so called by the alchemists, with whom Diana stood for silver. Source: Dictionary…

Laughing Philosopher

Democritos of Abdera, who viewed with supreme contempt the feeble powers of man. (B.C. 460-357.) (See Weeping Philosopher.) Source: Dictionary of Phrase and Fable, E. Cobham Brewer, 1894L…