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Melanesia

(Encyclopedia) Melanesia m?l?n?zh?, ?sh?, one of the three main divisions of Oceania, in the SW Pacific Ocean, NE of Australia and S of the equator. Melanesia includes the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu,?

Oceania

(Encyclopedia) Oceania ?sh??n??, ??n?? or Oceanica?sh??n?k?, collective name for the approximately 25,000 islands of the Pacific, usually excluding such nontropical areas as the Ryukyu and?

Rivers, William Halse Rivers

(Encyclopedia) Rivers, William Halse Rivers, 1864?1922, British anthropologist. He taught at Cambridge from 1893 until shortly before his death. Trained in medicine and psychology, he pioneered in?

Oceanic languages

(Encyclopedia) Oceanic languages, aboriginal languages spoken in the region known as Oceania. If Oceania is restricted to the Melanesian, Micronesian, and Polynesian islands, the indigenous tongues?

ancestor worship

(Encyclopedia) ancestor worship, ritualized propitiation and invocation of dead kin. Ancestor worship is based on the belief that the spirits of the dead continue to dwell in the natural world and?

cargo cult

(Encyclopedia) cargo cult, native religious movement found in Melanesia and New Guinea, holding that at the millennium the spirits of the dead will return and bring with them cargoes of modern goods?

Malinowski, Bronislaw

(Encyclopedia) Malinowski, Bronislaw br?n?sl?f m?l?n?fsk?, 1884?1942, English anthropologist, b. Poland, Ph.D. Univ. of Krakw, 1908. Working in the field of cultural anthropology, he gained renown?

revitalization movement

(Encyclopedia) revitalization movement, political-religious movements promising deliverance from deprivation, the elimination of foreign domination, and a new interpretation of the human condition?

crocodile

(Encyclopedia) crocodile, large, carnivorous reptile of the order Crocodilia, found in tropical and subtropical regions. Crocodiles live in swamps or on river banks and catch their prey in the water?

Oceanic art

(Encyclopedia) Oceanic art, works produced by the island peoples of the S and NW Pacific, including Melanesia (New Guinea and the islands to its north and east), Micronesia (Mariana, Caroline,?