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Mauna Kea

(Encyclopedia) Mauna Kea mou´nə kā´ə, dormant volcano, 13,796 ft (4,205 m) high, in the south central part of the island of Hawaii. It is the loftiest peak in the Hawaiian Islands and the highest…

Mauna Kea Observatories

(Encyclopedia) Mauna Kea Observatoriesmou´nə kā´ə, astronomical observatory complex located on Mauna Kea peak, the white mountain on the island of Hawaii, at an altitude of more than 13,600 ft (4,145…

California Institute of Technology

(Encyclopedia) California Institute of Technology, at Pasadena, Calif.; originally for men, became coeducational in 1970; founded 1891 as Throop Polytechnic Institute; called Throop College of…

Hilo

(Encyclopedia) Hilo hē´lō, city (1990 pop. 37,808), seat of Hawaii co., on Hilo Bay of Hawaii island; settled by missionaries c.1822, inc. as a city 1911. The second largest city in the state, a port…

Hawaii

(Encyclopedia) Hawaii, island (1990 pop. 120,217), 4,037 sq mi (10,456 sq km), largest and southernmost island of the state of Hawaii and coextensive with Hawaii co.; known as the Big Island.…

infrared astronomy

(Encyclopedia) infrared astronomy, study of celestial objects by means of the infrared radiation they emit, in the wavelength range from about 1 micrometer to about 1 millimeter. All objects, from…

Hawaii: Temperature Extremes

MonthMaximum°FYearPlaceMinimum°FYearPlaceJan.931963Pahala, Hawaii141961Haleakala Summit, MauiFeb.941994Kahoolawe161981Mauna Kea, HawaiiMarch951934Honokaa, Hawaii181981Mauna Kea,…

Some Giant Telescopes

Radio (dish-antenna) telescopes: The fixed-dish telescope (1963) near Arecibo, Puerto Rico: 1,000 ft (305 m) in diameter, covering 25 acres. Very Large Array (VLA) radio telescope (1980)…

telescope

(Encyclopedia) telescope, traditionally, a system of lenses, mirrors, or both, used to gather light from a distant object and form an image of it. Traditional optical telescopes, which are the…

Hawaii

(Encyclopedia) Hawaii həwī´ē, hävä´ē, 50th state of the United States, comprising a group of eight major islands and numerous islets in the central Pacific Ocean, c.2,100 mi (3,380 km) SW of San…