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Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (also Mao Tse-Tung) was the world's most prominent Chinese communist during the 20th century. Mao's Red Army overthrew Chiang Kai-Shek in 1949, and the communists seized power of mainland …

Montezuma II

Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma II) was trained as a priest and rose to become leader of the Aztecs in 1502. At the time, the Aztecs controlled most of what is now Mexico and Central America, th…

Nicholas II

The last emperor of Russia, Nikolai Aleksandrovich succeeded his father Alexander III as czar in 1894. Nicholas II and his wife, Alexandra (Alix) of Hesse, were coronated as rulers of Russia in 1896.…

George II

King George II was a Hanoverian prince who rose to the throne of Britain in 1727. His 33-year reign included wars with Spain and France and the expansion of the British empire into Canada and India. T…

Wilhelm II

Name at birth: Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor AlbertWilhelm II ruled Germany and Prussia from 1888 until he was forced into exile at the end of World War I, in 1918. He was the grandson of Wilhelm I, the em…

Leopold II

Name at birth: Louis Philippe Marie VictorKing Leopold II is known today as one of the most brutal colonial rulers of the 19th century for his policies in central Africa. He succeeded his father to th…

Hassan II Biography

Hassan II(Moulay Hassan)Age: 70 all-powerful monarch who had ruled Morocco for 38 years at the time of his death. A popular leader, he promoted a free market and a neutral foreign relations po…

Section II

Section IIFinal ProvisionsArticle 150The present Convention is established in English and in French. Both texts are equally authentic.The Swiss Federal Council shall arrange for official tra…

Chapter II

Chapter IIPlaces of InternmentArticle 83The Detaining Power shall not set up places of internment in areas particularly exposed to the dangers of war.The Detaining Power shall give the enemy …

Part II

Part IIGeneral Protection of Populations Against Certain Consequences of WarArticle 13The provisions of Part II cover the whole of the populations of the countries in conflict, without any ad…