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Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong (also Mao Tse-Tung) was the world's most prominent Chinese communist during the 20th century. Mao's Red Army overthrew Chiang Kai-Shek in 1949, and the communists seized power of mainland …

Commercial Aviation

Commercial Aviation Commercial air passenger service began in the United States (and in the world) in 1914, with a regularly scheduled flight that carried passengers between St. Petersburg and…

Early Military Developments

Early Military Developments Before 1914 militaries used airplanes mostly for surveying of enemy territory. (In 1913, the U.S. Army had only six active pilots and the fledgling U.S. aeronau…

Technological Advancements

Technological Advancements Certain advancements during the 1920s in the design and technology of aircraft gave the United States a new role in the international sphere of aviation. Improvement…

Over and on the Sea

Over and on the Sea One of the next major advancements in human flight came in response to a contest sponsored by The Daily Mail of London, which offered a prize to the first aviator to fly ac…

Aerobatics

Aerobatics The American public may have known airplanes best for their acrobatic flying, or aerobatics, in the years immediately following the Wright brothers' flights because of large cash pr…

Nicholas II

The last emperor of Russia, Nikolai Aleksandrovich succeeded his father Alexander III as czar in 1894. Nicholas II and his wife, Alexandra (Alix) of Hesse, were coronated as rulers of Russia in 1896.…

Montezuma II

Montezuma II (also known as Moctezuma II) was trained as a priest and rose to become leader of the Aztecs in 1502. At the time, the Aztecs controlled most of what is now Mexico and Central America, th…

George II

King George II was a Hanoverian prince who rose to the throne of Britain in 1727. His 33-year reign included wars with Spain and France and the expansion of the British empire into Canada and India. …

Wilhelm II

Name at birth: Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor AlbertWilhelm II ruled Germany and Prussia from 1888 until he was forced into exile at the end of World War I, in 1918. He was the grandson of Wilhelm I, the em…