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Loyalists

(Encyclopedia) Loyalists, in the American Revolution, colonials who adhered to the British cause. The patriots referred to them as Tories. Although Loyalists were found in all social…

United Empire Loyalists

(Encyclopedia) United Empire Loyalists, in Canadian history, name applied to those settlers who, loyal to the British cause in the American Revolution, migrated from the Thirteen…

Browne, Thomas

(Encyclopedia) Browne, Thomas, d. 1825, Loyalist commander in the American Revolution. A resident of Augusta, Ga., he was the victim of colonist violence in 1775, when he was tarred and…

Martin, Josiah

(Encyclopedia) Martin, Josiah, 1737–86, British colonial governor, b. West Indies. An army officer, he had attained the rank of lieutenant colonel when he was appointed governor of…

Irún

(Encyclopedia) Irún ēro͞on´ [key], town (1990 pop. 55,200), Guipúzcoa prov., N Spain, in the Basque region near the French border, on the Bidassoa River near the Bay of Biscay. It is a…

Peters, Samuel

(Encyclopedia) Peters, Samuel, 1735–1826, American clergyman and historian, b. Hebron, Conn. Because of his Loyalist sympathies, he fled to England in 1774. There he wrote for English…

Magog

(Encyclopedia) Magog, city (1991 pop. 14,034), S Que., Canada, on Lake Memphremagog, SW of Sherbrooke. Founded by Loyalist emigrants from the United States after 1776, Magog is a resort…

Ferguson, Patrick

(Encyclopedia) Ferguson, Patrick, 1744–80, British army officer in the American Revolution. He invented an early breech-loading rifle in 1776. Ferguson fought at Brandywine and…

Fanning, David

(Encyclopedia) Fanning, David, c.1755–1825, American Loyalist in the American Revolution, b. Amelia co., Va. He led raids on the colonials in the Carolinas and wrote (1790) an account…

Saint Stephen

(Encyclopedia) Saint Stephen, town (1991 pop. 4,931), SW N.B., Canada, on the St. Croix River opposite Calais, Maine. The two towns, connected by an international bridge, form virtually…