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John Locke

John Locke was a 17th-century English philosopher whose ideas formed the foundation of liberal democracy and greatly influenced both the American and French revolutions. His contributions to…

John LOCKE, Congress, MA (1764-1855)

LOCKE John , a Representative from Massachusetts; born in Hopkinton, Middlesex County, Mass., February 14, 1764; attended Andover Academy and Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H.; taught school;…

sensationalism

(Encyclopedia) sensationalism, in philosophy, the theory that there are no innate ideas and that knowledge is derived solely from the sense data of experience. The idea was discussed by Greek…

atomism

(Encyclopedia) atomism, philosophic concept of the nature of the universe, holding that the universe is composed of invisible, indestructible material particles. The theory was first advanced in the…

Collins, Anthony

(Encyclopedia) Collins, Anthony, 1676–1729, English theologian; a friend of John Locke. He set forth the position of the deists and defended the cause of rational theology. His Discourse of Free…

Filmer, Sir Robert

(Encyclopedia) Filmer, Sir Robert, d. 1653, English royalist political writer, author of Patriarcha; or, The Natural Power of Kings (pub. posthumously in 1680), a defense of the divine right of…

Stillingfleet, Edward

(Encyclopedia) Stillingfleet, Edward, 1635–99, English prelate and author. A fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, he became (1657) rector of Sutton, Bedfordshire. In 1661 he published…

empiricism

(Encyclopedia) empiricism ĕmpĭr´ĭsĭzəm [Gr.,=experience], philosophical doctrine that all knowledge is derived from experience. For most empiricists, experience includes inner experience—reflection…

association

(Encyclopedia) association, in psychology, a connection between different sensations, feelings, or ideas by virtue of their previous occurrence together in experience. The concept of association…

Somers, John Somers, Baron

(Encyclopedia) Somers, John Somers or Sommers, Baron sŭm´ərz, 1651–1716, English jurist and statesman. In the Glorious Revolution he secured Parliament's acceptance of the official statement…