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Molière, Jean Baptiste Poquelin

(Encyclopedia) Molière, Jean Baptiste Poquelin zhäN bätēst´ pôklăN´ môlyĕr´, 1622–73, French playwright and actor, b. Paris; son of a merchant who was upholsterer to the king. His name was originally…

Lully, Jean Baptiste

(Encyclopedia) Lully, Jean Baptiste zhäN bätēst´ lülē´, 1632–87, French operatic composer, b. Florence, Italy. His name originally was Giovanni Battista Lulli. A self-taught violinist, he went to…

Jean Baptiste Point du Sable Biography

Jean Baptiste Point du Sablefounder of ChicagoBorn: c. 1750Birthplace: St. Marc, Saint-Domingue (present-day Haiti) Du Sable had a French father and an African-born slave mother. He was…

Santerre, Jean Baptiste

(Encyclopedia) Santerre, Jean Baptiste zhäN bätēst´ säNtĕr´, 1651–1717, French figure and portrait painter. He was known for allegorical portraits and his rococo use of nude figures. He founded a…

Massillon, Jean Baptiste

(Encyclopedia) Massillon, Jean Baptiste zhäN bätēst´ mäsēyôN´, 1663–1742, French clergyman, bishop of Clermont from 1717. He was celebrated for his preaching, especially at the courts of Louis XIV…

Lemoyne, Jean Baptiste

(Encyclopedia) Lemoyne, Jean Baptiste zhäN bäptēst´ ləmwän´, 1704–78, French sculptor. Much of his work, including three equestrian statues of Louis XV, was destroyed in the French Revolution. His…

Labat, Jean Baptiste

(Encyclopedia) Labat, Jean Baptiste zhäN bätēst´ läbä´, 1663–1738, French Dominican missionary. Sent to the West Indies, he explored the islands, he was largely responsible for the permanent…

Oudry, Jean Baptiste

(Encyclopedia) Oudry, Jean Baptiste zhäN bätēst´ o͞odrē´, 1686–1755, French animal painter. A pupil of Largillière, he became court painter to Louis XV, recording the king's hunts in his…

Jouvenet, Jean Baptiste

(Encyclopedia) Jouvenet, Jean Baptiste zhäN bätēst´ zho͞ovənā´, 1644–1717, French painter, one of a family of painters. He worked in Paris in the studio of Charles Le Brun, whose manner he acquired…

Carrier, Jean Baptiste

(Encyclopedia) Carrier, Jean Baptiste zhäN bätēst´ kärēā´, 1756–94, French Revolutionary. An extreme Jacobin, he demanded the establishment of a revolutionary tribunal, and, as a revolutionary…